Eiffel Tower With the aim of achieving and establishing a distinctive landmark during the International Exhibition in Paris in the year 1889 AD, to celebrate the centenary of the French Revolution.The Eiffel Tower entered history for several reasons, the most important of which is its revolution in the world of civil engineering, as it represents a brilliant application of the latest achievements in the world of construction in its time, as it defined new standards of architectural beauty in the era of modernity.
Eiffel Tower construction
The engineer, Gustave Eiffel, is responsible for building the Eiffel Tower, after he participated in a competition held by the French government to design a monument. The competition committee approved the design of Gustave Eiffel. The people visited him on May 15, 1889 AD.
Gustave Eiffel began developing the first designs for the Eiffel Tower in the year 1884 AD, and initial calculations and studies showed that interest in the tower’s ability to resist the influence of wind is the basis for the success of its design; Therefore, four metal supports were used, relying on corsets within the concrete block that formed the base of the tower in the ground, and 250 people were relied on to work during 21 and a half months in the process of building the Eiffel Tower.
Facts about the Eiffel Tower
There are several facts and information about the Eiffel Tower, the most important of which are:
- The construction of the Eiffel Tower ended on March 31, 1889, and for 41 years it was the tallest tower in the world until 1930, when the Chrysler landmark was built in New York City, which is taller than the Eiffel Tower.
- The weight of the Eiffel Tower is 10,100 tons, and its length, with antennas installed on it, is about 324 m.
- Until 1973 AD, the Eiffel Tower remained the tallest building and landmark in France; Even the building of the military transmitter was established in the city of Saysak, and the Millau Bridge, which is taller than the Eiffel Tower; Its length is 343 m, and its construction was completed in 2004 AD.
- To reach the highest height of the Eiffel Tower, a person needs to climb 1665 steps.
- In the winter, when the weather cools, the Eiffel Tower decreases to about 6 inches in size.
- The number of visitors to the Eiffel Tower since it opened to visitors is estimated at about 250,000,000 people, and about 7,000,000 people visit the tower every year.
- It took five days, two months and two years to build the Eiffel Tower completely.
- Every seven years, the Eiffel Tower is repainted, and it takes about 60 tons of paint to paint it.
- There are a group of copies that resemble the Eiffel Tower around the world, including a copy in China within a garden with a window to the world, and another copy in the American city of Las Vegas.
- The Eiffel Tower was intended to last up to 20 years before its expiration, but it was used for radio transmissions of the telegraph; Which contributed to its preservation.
- 2,500,000 nails and 180,000 pieces of metal were used to build the Eiffel Tower.
- About 20,000 light bulbs are used to light the Eiffel Tower each night.
Eiffel Tower Historic Events
The Eiffel Tower is distinguished by its important history; Where it has been for about 120 years a landmark that witnessed many historical events and situations, whether in the fields of politics, sports or culture, and the following is information about the most important historical events that the Eiffel Tower experienced:
- The events of 1889 AD: The designer of the Eiffel Tower, Gustave Eiffel, ascended approximately 1,710 steps to reach the third floor inside the tower. The French flag was raised, and 21 artillery rounds were fired to salute the opening of the tower. Gustave Eiffel and the guests participating in the opening of the tower ate lunch, and then everyone headed for coffee. In the apartment of Gustave Eiffel inside the tower, a laboratory specialized in meteorology was established at the top of the tower, and the first floor in the tower contains two restaurants; French and Russian.
- The events of the years 1890 AD and 1891 AD: The number of people who visited the tower in 1890 AD reached about 393,414 people, and in 1891 AD a French baker climbed the first 347 steps towards the first floor of the Eiffel Tower.
- The number of visitors from 1892 AD to 1897 AD: It includes the following numbers:
- Happened in 1898: The Eiffel Tower was used for the first time in radio broadcasting.
- What happened in 1901: A prize of 100,000 francs was announced for the person who could fly around the Eiffel Tower and return to the point of origin in less than 30 seconds, and Santos Dumont succeeded in this task in the month of October (October) using an air balloon.
- Happened in 1905 AD: A competition titled Stair Climbing was launched. Through the sports newspaper (French: Le Sport), a group of participants participated in it, and one of the participants managed to reach the second floor of the tower, within three minutes and twelve seconds.
- Happened in 1907: The first giant-sized clock was installed on the second floor of the Eiffel Tower.
- During the period from 1916 AD to 1918 AD: The First World War broke out, and France closed the Eiffel Tower.
- It happened in 1921 AD: The Eiffel Tower broadcast for the first time a radio programme.
- Happened in 1925 AD: The first television experiment was implemented.
- The events during the time period from 1940 AD to 1945 AD: The Second World War broke out and the French forces decided to cut off all electrical connections to the Eiffel Tower, and the tower remained closed during the war period.
- In 2009: the number of visitors to the Eiffel Tower reached 6,503,413 people.
- In 1892, about 277,276 people visited the Eiffel Tower.
- In 1893, about 265,894 people visited the Eiffel Tower.
- In 1894, about 210,836 people visited the Eiffel Tower.
- In 1895, about 218,974 people visited the Eiffel Tower.
- In 1896, about 226,654 people visited the Eiffel Tower.
- In 1897, about 199,827 people visited the Eiffel Tower.
- ^ AB “Eiffel (tower -)”, www.arab-ency.com, accessed on 9-16-2017. act.
- ^ a b c The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica, “Eiffel Tower”, www.britannica.com, Retrieved 9-16-2017. Edited.
- ↑ Oliver Smith (31-2014), “Eiffel Tower: 40 fascinating facts”, www.telegraph.co.uk, Retrieved 9-16-2017. Edited.
- ↑ “The major events”, www.toureiffel.paris, Retrieved 9-16-2017. Edited.
Who built the Eiffel Tower