The Commander of the Faithful, Omar Ibn Al-Khattab, the second of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs of the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, after Abu Bakr, may God be pleased with him, took over the caliphate for nearly ten years, during which Muslims ruled with justice and benevolence. , so you believed and fell asleep, Omar), and one of the most famous sayings that Omar said (when did you enslave people and their mothers gave birth to them free), and it was directed to the seasoned leader Amr Ibn Al-Aas, as he was in charge of Egypt, and in a horse race one of the sons of Egypt beat his son, so he rose and hit the one who He won over him, so the Egyptian came to Madinah to complain to Omar Ibn Al-Khattab, so Omar sent in the request of Amr Ibn Al-Aas and his son. This had it not been for his father being the governor, so Omar was applying the rule of God and his law according to his diligence, and he was equal between everyone in that, and he was known for his frequent dismissal of the rulers from the cities of the Muslims. Khalid bin Al-Waleed, for he was implementing the law of God, and he was not afraid of the blame of the blamer, nor Is kinship or companionship.
The Muslims’ conquest of Bait Al-Maqdis
When God blessed the Muslims with victory in the Battle of Yarmouk, they conquered Jerusalem under the leadership of Amr ibn al-Aas, and it was at the time under the control of the Romans, but Patriarch Sophronius refused to give the keys to Jerusalem to Amr, and asked that Omar ibn al-Khattab attend to receive it, for what was known about him from justice, so Omar attended Ibn Al-Khattab from Madinah to Jerusalem, and it was called Elia at the time, so he gave them safety for themselves, their churches and their crosses, in what is known as the Omari Covenant, and while Omar was in the Church of the Resurrection, it was time for the afternoon prayer, so the Patriarch asked him to pray in the church, but Omar refused, So that the Muslims would not dispute with them later, he left the church and prayed nearby.
Omar Ibn Al-Khattab Mosque website
- Omar Ibn Al-Khattab Mosque in the city of Dumat Al-Jandal in the Al-Jawf region in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It was built by Omar Ibn Al-Khattab when he was going to Jerusalem.
- Omar Ibn Al-Khattab Mosque in Jerusalem, Palestine. It was built during the era of the Ayyubid state during the reign of Al-Afdal Ibn Salah Al-Din. The Omar Mosque, in 1193 AD, is in the place where Omar Ibn Al-Khattab prayed during his visit to Jerusalem, that is, on the southern side of the square of the Church of the Resurrection. Then, it was added It has fifteen minarets, and was restored in the Ottoman era.
- Omar Ibn Al-Khattab Mosque in the city of Bethlehem in Palestine. It was built in 1860 AD, in the courtyard of the Church of the Nativity, after the Omar Mosque in Jerusalem. The Orthodox Church donated the land on which the mosque was built.
Where is the Omar Ibn Al-Khattab Mosque located?