The site and history of the city of Sheba

The city of Sheba is located on the Yemeni lands, and one of the largest ancient Yemeni Arab kingdoms was established in it, the history of which dates back to the ninth century BC, and this kingdom was called the Kingdom of Sheba in relation to the place in which it was established. The kingdom united a group of Yemeni kingdoms and tribes together to form one kingdom characterized by its great strength and continuous expansion, and the Sheba tribe was the basic nucleus for forming and building the kingdom, by bringing many of the neighboring tribes to its control through persuasion or even by force. The kingdoms that existed at that time belonged to the Kingdom of Sheba, and among these kingdoms were the Kingdom of Hadhramaut, the Kingdom of Ma’in and the Qatban tribe, which greatly helped to increase the wealth of the kingdom and its expansion to reach the regions of the Levant and Iraq.[1][2]

The religion that prevailed in Sheba

The Sabaeans worshiped idols, and one of their most famous gods was the god Maqa, and the god Athtar, who were two of the most famous and most sanctified deities by all the kingdoms and tribes that make up the Kingdom of Sheba. Since the beginnings of its establishment, it has been ruled by no less than seventeen priests continuously. The people of the Kingdom of Sheba were also distinguished by a large degree of religiosity, obedience to the gods, and a great attachment to magic and sorcery. Convinced of the correctness of his prophecy through the evidence and proofs he presented to her, she spread his monotheistic religion throughout the Kingdom of Sheba.[3]

The beginning of the establishment of the Kingdom of Sheba

The priest Karbeel Watar, who ruled the city of Sheba in the seventh century BC, granted himself the title of king to announce the transformation of the city of Sheba into a kingdom, and led many huge armies with the aim of fighting the neighboring tribes and kingdoms and annexing them to the Kingdom of Sheba. He collected rainwater by digging wells or building dams, especially in mountainous areas, in order to irrigate the crops there. The only kingdom.[4]

the reviewer

  1. ↑ “820 BC – 115 BC – Sabean Kingdom”,, Retrieved 7-8-2018. Edited.
  2. ↑ “Sabaʾ”,, Retrieved 7-8-2018. Edited.
  3. ↑ “The temples of God, the pagan moon-god in Yemen”,, accessed on 8-7-2018. act.
  4. ↑ Zaid bin Ali Anan, The Civilization of Ancient Yemen (first edition), p. 15-20. act.

Where is Sheba located?

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-16 12:54:02