The status of prayer in Islam

Prayer was ordained on Muslims on the night the Prophet – may God bless him and grant him peace – was taken to heaven on the ascension journey, and prayer is one of the most important duties and the most obligatory acts of worship, and it is the second pillar of Islam after the testimony of monotheism. And he submits before his master standing, kneeling and prostrating, as it is the difference between Islam and unbelief, and it is the first thing for which the servant will be held accountable on the Day of Resurrection. Its righteousness is good for his deeds, and its corruption is corruption of his deeds, and since it was obligatory upon them, Muslims have been keen to establish it at its times, and to gather for it where it is called to it in the homes of God Almighty, because they realized its merit and great status with God Almighty, where God – the Most High – promised those who maintain performance praying in heaven; He said: (And those who maintain their prayers * those will be honored in gardens).[1] He threatened those who neglected it and failed to implement it; Where he said: (There came after them a successor who neglected prayer and followed lusts, so they will meet evil).[2] Islam considers that being lazy about prayer is one of the characteristics of the hypocrites who do not hope for reverence for God, so what is the ruling on prayer, and what is its virtue?

The virtue and reward of prayer

Prayer has great merit, and keeping its time is one of the most beloved deeds to God Almighty. Among its virtues are:[3]

  • Prayer is a reason for the servant’s integrity to the commands of God Almighty, as it forbids its owner from indecency and evil; God Almighty said: (And establish prayer, for prayer forbids indecency and wrongdoing).[4]
  • Prayer is the best of deeds in the sight of God – the Most High – after the two testimonies.
  • Maintaining the performance of prayer washes away sins and atones for bad deeds, as the Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, said: (The five daily prayers are like a flowing river flooding at the door of one of you, and he is bathed in it five times a day).[5] And God – the Most High – made prayer a reason for the remission of sins before it, as the mercy of God descends upon the servant. The Messenger, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, said: (The five daily prayers, Friday to Friday, and Ramadan to Ramadan are expiations for what is between them if the major sins are avoided).[6]
  • Prayer is a light, a guidance and a proof for its owner in this world and the hereafter when meeting God Almighty; Because the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, said: (He who preserves it, it will be for him light, proof, and salvation on the Day of Resurrection).[7]
  • Prayer is a reason to raise degrees in Heaven; Where the Prophet – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – said to Thawban, may God be pleased with him: (You must prostrate a lot to God, for you do not prostrate to God except that God raises you a degree by it and removes a sin from you through it).[8] Rather, persevering with it, and increasing closeness to God – the Most High – is a reason for accompanying the Prophet – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – in Paradise, as the Messenger – peace be upon him – advised his companion Ka’b bin Rabi’ah – may God be pleased with him – saying: .[9]
  • The virtue of prayer and its goodness extended to include the steps that lead the Muslim to it in the homes of God Almighty. It came in the hadith of the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace: degrades a sin, and the other raises a degree).[10]

Definition of prayer and its rulings

Undoubtedly, examining the linguistic meaning of prayer reveals the extent to which it is related to the idiomatic concept, and the statement of the legal ruling on it shows its status and position among other acts of worship.

Definition of prayer, linguistically and idiomatically

The definition of prayer in the language is related to its definition in idiomatic. This is explained as follows:

  • The language of prayer: its origin is sad, lam, and a weak letter, and it has two meanings; The first: burning with fire and the like of fever, for example, it is said: So-and-so prayed with fire, and prayer is what kindles fire and kindles, and the second: a type of worship, which is supplication, and from it is the saying of the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him: (If one of you is called, one of you is called to food. If he is not fasting, then let him eat, and if he is fasting, let him pray.”[11] What is meant by saying: If he is fasting, let him pray. That is, let him make supplications for the one who invited him to eat.[12]
  • Prayer in the legal terminology: It is a worship that God – Glory be to Him – has imposed on Muslims. Since the prayer in its reality and the origin of its meaning is the name of each supplication.[13]

Ruling on prayer

Allah – Glory be to Him, the Most High – has enjoined prayer upon Muslims, and He has made it clear to whom it is obligatory, and the details of that are as follows:

  • The ruling on prayer: Prayer is the most important of the actions of the limbs, and it is also the pillar of Islam. The Holy Qur’an, the Sunnah of the Prophet and the consensus of Muslims; Where God Almighty said: (Verily, the prayer for the believers is at a fixed time).[14] And in a book, that is: written, imposed, and the Messenger of God – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – recommended Muadh – may God be pleased with him- to inform the people of Yemen of its hypothesis; He said: (Inform them that God has enjoined upon them five prayers every day and night).[15] The jurists said that whoever denies the premise of the prayers or one of them and denies their obligation has committed infidelity that takes him out of the creed, and the rulings of the apostates will be established against him as long as he does not turn back from his ingratitude and declare his repentance, unless he has recently entered Islam, and has not been informed of its pillars and duties.[16]
  • Categories for which prayer is waived: the young male or female are exempted from prayer until they reach the age of obligation, and the prayer is waived for the insane until he becomes sane, just as the period of her menstruation and childbirth is waived for a woman; It is not obligatory to perform it or make it up, and there is no embarrassment for the sleeper until he wakes up, but the prayer of his right is obligatory, and the like of him is the forgetful.[17]

the reviewer

  1. ↑ Surat Al-Maarij, verse: 34-35.
  2. ↑ Surah Maryam, Verse: 59.
  3. ↑ Saeed Al-Qahtani (6-11-2012), “The virtue of prayer in Islam”, www.alukah.net, accessed on March 21, 2018. act.
  4. ↑ Surat Al-Ankabut, Verse: 45.
  5. ↑ Narrated by Imam Muslim, in Sahih Muslim, on the authority of Jaber bin Abdullah, page or number: 668, authentic.
  6. ↑ Narrated by Imam Muslim, in Sahih Muslim, on the authority of Abu Hurairah, page or number: 233, Sahih.
  7. ↑ Narrated by Ibn Hibban, in Sahih Ibn Hibban, on the authority of Abdullah bin Amr, page or number: 1467, taken out in his Sahih.
  8. ↑ Narrated by Imam Muslim, in Sahih Muslim, on the authority of Thawban, the freed slave of the Messenger of God, page or number: 488, authentic.
  9. ↑ Narrated by Imam Muslim, in Sahih Muslim, on the authority of Rabi`ah bin Ka`b, page or number: 489, authentic.
  10. ↑ Narrated by Imam Muslim, in Sahih Muslim, on the authority of Abu Hurairah, page or number: 666, authentic.
  11. ↑ Narrated by Ibn Abd al-Bar, in the introduction, on the authority of Abu Huraira, page or number: 1/275, its chain of transmission is authentic.
  12. ↑ Ahmed bin Faris (1979), A Dictionary of Language Measures, Beirut: Dar Al-Fikr, pg. 300, Part 3. Adapted.
  13. ↑ Saeed Al-Qahtani, The Status of Prayer in Islam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Safir Press, p.: 7-8. act.
  14. ↑ Surah An-Nisa, Verse: 103.
  15. ↑ Narrated by Al-Bukhari, in Sahih Al-Bukhari, on the authority of Abdullah bin Abbas, page or number: 1395, authentic.
  16. ↑ Muhammad Al-Uthaymeen (8-2-2007), “What is the ruling on prayer? And on whom is it obligatory?”, www.ar.islamway.net, accessed on March 21, 2018. act.
  17. ↑ Abdel Hai Youssef (27-4-2012), “The cases in which prayer is invalidated”, www.ar.islamway.net, accessed on March 21, 2018. act.

What is the merit of prayer?

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-20 15:39:01