young love

Acne: It is a skin disease that appears on the face, neck, chest, and back, and it affects adolescents more than others by 70-87%, and this disease may lead to depression and social fears in some people.

acne symptoms

Acne is classified according to the severity of the disease, into degrees, from the first degree, in which the disease is simple, to the fourth degree, in which the disease is serious and needs rapid treatment, and its symptoms depend on the severity of the disease, and these symptoms appear in the form of:

  • White-headed love, or black-headed love, in which case the severity of the disease is low.
  • The appearance of sebaceous cysts, in which case the severity of the disease increases dramatically, and may lead to scarring of the skin.

Causes of acne

  • An increase in the secretion of some hormones in adolescents, which leads to an increase in the secretion of sebaceous glands located under the surface of the skin, which leads to closing the pores of the skin, and the production of grains.
  • Changes in hormones during pregnancy.
  • Changes in hormones in the female in the period of 2-7 days before the menstrual cycle (the period of ovulation); due to increased progesterone.
  • Exposure to polluted air and high humidity.
  • Exposure to oily cooking fumes.
  • The use of topical medications that contain oil, such as: Lanolin.
  • Severe itching of the skin.
  • Using contaminated cosmetics from some people.
  • Take birth control pills.
  • Family history of the disease.
  • Stress is not considered a major cause, but it may exacerbate the problem and disease.
  • Use of certain medications, such as: lithium, phenytoin, and steroids.

Injury prevention

  • Clean the skin constantly, morning and evening, especially after exposure to any of the pollutants that may lead to the occurrence of this disease.
  • Avoid rubbing the skin, to prevent the disease from worsening, and to prevent the occurrence of scars.
  • Avoid exposure to the sun as much as possible, stay away from high humidity, which creates a favorable environment for the growth and reproduction of love, and avoid taking medications that cause damage to the skin when exposed to sunlight.
  • Avoid using other people’s tools, especially cosmetics, which may carry a large amount of contaminated materials.
  • The use of oil-free creams, to reduce the possibility of closing the pores of the face, and the occurrence of this disease.

Acne Treatment

Treatment depends on the severity of the disease, and in the following ways:

  • The first degree is self-treatment, and there is no need to use medicines, using facial cleansers, and keeping it from the factors that make the disease worse, such as moisture, pollutants, and other things.
  • Grade 2 to Grade IV. You may need to take medications, such as:
  • Over-the-counter medications, such as:
  • Medicines given by a doctor’s prescription, such as:
  • Benzoyl Peroxide, which is in the form of a lotion, gel, cream, or mask, and works to reduce the closure of pores, and has an effective ability to oxidize bacteria, preventing their growth and spread, and we may take it with some antibiotics, in order to reduce resistance to It has bacteria, and exposure to the sun and ultraviolet rays should be avoided when taking it.
  • Salicylic acid is given as an adjuvant treatment for this disease.
  • Sulfur, given three times daily, has a distinctive odor and colour.
  • Tretinoid: It is given topically on the skin, and at first it is in small concentrations, then these concentrations increase with time, and it is often given at night.
  • Isotretinoin: It is given in severe and acute cases, in which there are many cysts on the skin, and the dose in this case is 0.5-1.00 mg/kg/day for six months.

This article is not a medical reference, nor does it dispense with consulting a doctor.

the reviewer

  • www.mayoclinic.org
  • www.nlm.nih.gov
  • www.aad.org
  • www.niams.nih.gov

What is the treatment of acne

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-10 20:39:01