Polycystic ovaries

It is a disease related to the endocrine system that affects women at a relatively young age, and the ovaries are large in size, and have a lot of fluid-filled sacs, and this disease is very closely related to diabetes; Some have even called it type 3 diabetes, and it is considered one of the most common diseases, especially in the Arab region and the Mediterranean basin, in which the percentage, according to some studies, is close to 20%, while global rates range between 8-12%.

With regard to the physiological reasons for the occurrence of this disease, all studies have agreed on several factors that contribute significantly to polycystic ovaries, perhaps the most important of which are the high level of the hormone insulin in the body, excess weight than the normal limit, increased waist circumference, and family history of similar cases, whether in A father’s family, a mother’s family.[1]

Polycystic ovaries symptoms

Symptoms vary from patient to patient, and not all of these symptoms must be present in order for the disease to be diagnosed:[2]

  • Irregular menstruation, and the symptoms here vary from complete interruption of the cycle to a very heavy cycle, so any difference from the patient’s natural cycle is important.
  • overweight.
  • the appearance of acne;
  • Head hair loss.
  • Increased hair growth in places where it does not usually grow, such as the arms, chest, abdomen, face, and others.
  • Depression.
  • Infertility and difficulty getting pregnant, and symptoms may reach complete infertility.

Polycystic ovary disease complications

There are many complications, some of which may be serious, including:[3]

  • Type 2 diabetes.
  • Hypertension.
  • cirrhosis of the liver;
  • Obstructive apnea.
  • infertility;
  • Increased risk of uterine cancer.

Polycystic ovaries treatment

Before starting the treatment of PCOS, you must lose weight, because the response to any drug treatment will be below the desired level, except in the case of weight loss.

Irregular menstruation can be treated by using contraceptive pills according to the instructions of the attending physician, and special medications can be dispensed to treat the problem of excessive hair growth and the problem of high blood sugar, meaning that we treat the symptoms of the disease only and cannot be completely cured from it.

In the case of infertility, and when the woman desires to have children, the patient may need hormonal treatment in the form of pills taken in the long term to help ovulation, and the success rate of this treatment ranges between 60-80%, and hormonal treatments can be used through intramuscular needles, which are given in the form of Several doses, and these needles succeed in achieving ovulation and pregnancy in about 80% of women, but if the previous two steps fail, surgical interventions and assisted fertilization techniques such as IVF are used. [1]

the reviewer

  1. ^ a b “Polycystic ovarian syndrome”, Mayoclinic. Edited.
  2. ↑ “Polycystic ovarian syndrome”, WebMD. Edited.
  3. ↑ “Polycystic ovarian syndrome”, Medscape. Edited.

What is the treatment for polycystic ovaries?

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-15 09:21:01