Diabetes: It is a life-long condition in which the level of glucose or sugar is very high in the blood, which leads to the occurrence of this disease; In 2013, medical studies and research found that 382 million people were infected with diabetes worldwide.
- Type 1 diabetes: It constitutes 10% of diabetes cases, and it affects more people under the age of 40, as well as children and adolescents, and is caused by the immune system attacking the beta cells that produce insulin, which leads to lead to non-production; And thus increase the glucose in the blood tremendously, and the occurrence of this disease; (Since insulin is a hormone responsible in the body for reducing excess glucose in the blood, by stimulating the cells of the body to use this excess glucose in their vital processes, and to produce energy from it), the spread of this type was between 2001-2009 in the United States of America for those who are Under the age of twenty years, 23% of cases in that period.
- Type 2 diabetes: This type of diabetes occurs either because the body is unable to produce enough insulin to reduce excess glucose so that it returns to its normal rate, or insulin production is in sufficient quantity, but the problem is complemented by the inability to Body cells to respond to this insulin, and thus their inability to use glucose, and thus significantly increase its percentage in the blood, which is the most common type; It accounts for 90% of diabetes cases.
- Feeling very thirsty.
- Feeling tired, tired.
- Urinating frequently.
- Noticeable weight loss.
- Wounds heal slowly.
- Blur in the eye when looking.
- Smell the acetone.
- Nausea, vomiting.
- Increased urine volume.
- Increased concentration of glucose in the blood, as well as in the urine.
The treatment of diabetes, according to its type, is as follows:
- Type 1 diabetes, and its treatment is through:
- Type 2 diabetes, and its treatment is through:
- Giving insulin injections in different doses according to the case.
- Develop a specific diet, to maintain the normal glucose level in the body.
- The risk of developing this disease increases, especially with obese people, who have large amounts of body fat; Where these fats make the cells of the body to resist insulin and do not respond to its effect; Which leads to high blood glucose, so doctors find that the first treatment for these people is to organize an appropriate diet that contains large amounts of fiber, such as vegetables, fruits, reduce the intake of fatty foods, and do a lot of exercise, and all of this is done by the patient with the aim of Lose weight, to reduce the risk of obesity that leads to a significant increase in glucose.
- For some people, the doctor may resort to giving them medications, such as:
- metformin; It is the first drug prescribed for type 2 diabetes, and it is still widely used until now, as it increases the cells’ response to the hormone insulin; thus using glucose to produce energy; This leads to a reduction in the blood, and the drug also reduces the manufacture of glucose in the liver.
- sulfonylureas; Where it stimulates the body to increase the production of the hormone insulin.
- thiazolidinediones; It increases the cells’ response to the hormone insulin.
- Insulin, such as: insulin lispro, insulin aspart, and insulin glargine.
This article is not a medical reference, and does not replace you with consulting a doctor.
What is the treatment for diabetes?