Astronauts develop health problems when spending a long time outside Earth, such as cardiovascular disorders and sleep, and scientists may have an idea why, as they published research indicating that the mitochondria, the “power generating centers” of cells, may be responsible, as it is often Mice with eye and liver problems in the studies had mitochondrial abnormalities, while NASA astronaut Scott Kelly may have encountered changes in the immune system aboard the International Space Station in 2015 also as a result of mitochondrial problems.
According to “Engadget”, bodily fluid samples taken from many other astronauts also support these claims that mitochondrial activity changed while in space.
The discovery came thanks to NASA’s open-source platform, GeneLab, where the tool collects large amounts of space biology data from around the world, including cell information as well as DNA, RNA and proteins.
The results reinforce fears that astronauts may face major health challenges in the future, especially for trips to the moon and Mars.
Despite this, this discovery could be crucial to overcoming these problems, as lead study researcher Afshin Beheshti told NASA that this could lead to countermeasures and drugs that keep people well in space for long periods.
In the future it may be safe to spend months in orbit or deep space travel, and you may only need to take precautions until you are within Earth’s relative safety.