Definition of the right of veto
The right of veto is defined as the constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body, A veto is also defined as the power a person or body has to block a course of action chosen by another person, and a veto in a political context refers to the power of a chief executive to block the passage of a legislative act by refusing to sign it.
Members with veto rights
The five permanent members of the Security Council, namely China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States, along with the special voting power known as the veto, can use this right only, and it was agreed that these countries only if they cast a negative vote in the Security Council consisting of fifteen members, the decision will not be approved, as all permanent members have exercised this right from time to time. By approving the proposal if it has the required number of nine votes in favor.
Uses of the veto
The veto decision was mentioned in Article 27 of the United Nations Charter, which allows permanent members to rescind any decision regardless of the level of international and popular support for it. The main reason for including this right is to prevent the United Nations from taking direct action against the main founding members. A tool to protect the national interests of the permanent members and their strategic allies, and this was demonstrated by the silence of the Security Council on some major international conflicts such as the Iraq war in 2003, the Georgia conflict in 2008, the Sri Lanka massacre in 2009, the recent Syrian conflict, and the issue of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and its inability to condemn the actions of the permanent members and their strategic allies. violence and settlement that occur, The first president to use the right of veto was US President George Washington in 1792, when he used this right against the new partition bill presented by Thomas Jefferson, which provided for the division of Congress of the House of Representatives seats between the United States based on the number of the multiplicity of the United States, and Congress supported the right of veto veto.
- ↑ “veto”, www.en.oxforddictionaries.com, Retrieved 5-8-2018. Edited.
- ↑ “Veto”, www.law.cornell.edu, Retrieved 5-8-2018. Edited.
- ↑ “Voting System and Records”, www.un.org, Retrieved 5-8-2018. Edited.
- ↑ Sahar Okhovat, “The United Nations Security Council: Its Veto Power and Its Reform”, www.sydney.edu.au, page 11, Retrieved 8-5-2018. Edited.
- ↑ “The first veto”, www.infoplease.com, Retrieved 5-8-2018. Edited.
What does veto mean?