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Tuesday June 30, 2020

What is the largest temple in the world

Many are wondering what is the largest temple in the world, in fact the answer to the first requires determining what the temple is, and the Angkor Wat temple comes to be the largest temple in the world, and this temple is located in Cambodia, and it was built on a high balcony over the rest of the city, and the Angkor Wat temple consists of Three concentric rectangles together form a central tower with a length of 65 meters. As for the dimensions of the external exhibition, they are 187 x 215 meters. This temple is an important Hindu temple dedicated to the god Vishnu. Ten. [1]

Angkor Wat Temple

Angkor Wat is the largest monument preserved in order to reach us as an architectural masterpiece, as it has surpassed many temples in composition, balance, proportions, and even in sculpture, and this makes it undoubtedly one of the finest monuments in the world, and this temple has become Buddhist monument probably in the sixteenth century, and after 1432 the temple of Angkor Wat was cared for by Buddhist monks, and it is known that the temple of Angkor Wat was a funerary temple of King Suryavarman II, and was directed towards the west, in order to conform to the symbolism between sunset and death until The reliefs are designed to display from left to right, according to the order of Hindu funerary rites that supported this function. [2]

History of the Angkor Wat temple

Angkor Wat is a huge Buddhist temple complex located in northern Cambodia, and was originally built in the first half of the twelfth century as a Hindu temple, and Angkor Wat extends over an area of ​​more than 400 acres, and this makes it the largest religious monument in the world, but its name is In the Khmer language it is called “the city of the temple.” This temple was built by Emperor Suriyafarman II, who ruled the Khmer region from 1113 to 1150, and the Angkor Wat temple was at that time the state temple, and the political center of the second Suriyafarman Empire, although it was no longer an active temple As before, the Angkor Wat temple is an important tourist attraction in Cambodia today. [3]

Angkor Wat temple site

Angkor Wat is located about five miles north of the modern Cambodian city of Siem Reap, and this city has a population of more than 200,000 people, and was built to serve as the capital of the Khmer Empire, and Angkor Wat was designed as a Hindu temple, where the Hindu religion was a ruling religion The region at that time, and by the end of the twelfth century the Angkor Wat temple was considered a Buddhist site. [3]

Angkor Wat temple design

Although this temple was no longer a site of political, cultural, or commercial importance by the 13th century, it remained an important place for Buddhist religion in the nineteenth century, but it began to gradually fall due to negligence and lack of restoration, but despite From that it remained an architectural marvel like no other, and the Angkor Wat temple was rediscovered in the 1840s by French explorer Henri Moot, and this explorer was greatly impressed by the design of this temple as he wrote about it being greater than anything that Greece or Rome left us. [3]

The Angkor Wat temple was built using 1.5 cubic meters of sand and silt in the twelfth century AD during the reign of the Khmer Emperor Suryavarman II, and this temple was created as a huge Hindu temple that expresses the dedication of King Vishnu, and the temple covers 420 acres (162.6 hectares) with a central tower rising high 213 feet (65 m), the surrounding trench is 650 feet (200 m) wide, and the temple’s function as a Hindu temple ceased to be used in the late 13th century AD for Buddhist monks to seize it, and use it for their benefit. [5]

The transformation and disintegration of the Angkor Wat temple

Buddhists respected Hindu beliefs and all the original statues and artworks were left in place, and Buddhist craftsmen added to this beautiful complex story of the temple without taking anything old, but by the early 16th century AD, the use of the Angkor Wat temple had diminished, and this made it the subject of stories and legends, and from These myths had been built by the gods in the past, and it is good that the Angkor Wat temple was protected from the woods surrounding the massive moat, unlike many other temples and ancient cities, as it was not completely lost. [5]

Preserve Angkor Wat temple

It is known that Angkor is one of the largest archaeological sites in the world where tourism in Angkor represents tremendous economic potential, and many research projects have been implemented, and the International Protection Program was created for the first time in 1993, and the objectives of this program were clear as he did many From anthropological studies of social and economic conditions, in order to better understand the history of the site, they also wanted to know the shape of the population who considered an exceptional legacy of this site.

In fact, this type of program works to educate the local population about the importance, and the need to protect and preserve it, and this helps in developing the site, and in general the local people, maintain the traditions of the ancestors, and they also adhere to a large number of ancient cultural practices where they sanctify the temple gods, They organize ceremonies and rituals in honor of these deities, and perform a number of prayers, traditional music, and dance, and the Angkor site produces many medicinal plants that the locals use in treating diseases, and these plants are prepared and brought to the various temple sites to bless the deities. [4]

As for previous conservation and restoration work in Angkor between 1907 and 1992, especially by the French School François de Extrem Orient, the Archaeological Survey of India, the Polish Conservation Authority PKZ, and the World Monuments Fund have had little impact on the general credibility of the monuments that make up the Angkor complex, nor Affects the general impression gained from individual milestones.

The administration of the inhabited Angkor site also takes into account the residents who live in the property by linking them to tourism economic growth in order to pursue sustainable development and reduce poverty. [4]

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