Fertility period

The fertile period or the fertility cycle is the period when a woman’s body is ready for pregnancy; The mature egg is released from one of the ovaries through the fallopian tube to be fertilized by the male animals, and this period is very limited in time; Because the egg dies within twelve to twenty-four hours if it is not fertilized; Therefore, it is an important period for people trying to conceive.[1]

Fertility signs

The five days that precede the ovulation period and the day of ovulation are the days in which the success rate of pregnancy increases, and this period can be known by some signs that occur in the body, such as:[2]

  • change in vaginal discharge; As the texture of the secretions becomes slippery, flexible and transparent, like the consistency of egg whites, and when this period ends, the secretions return to being thick or disappear completely.
  • During the fertile period, the body temperature rises slightly; That is, by half a degree Celsius above the normal level. To follow this method to determine the time of ovulation, it is recommended to take the temperature daily before getting out of bed, and to record a graph to determine the days when the temperature rises; The two or three days before the temperature rise is the fertile period.
  • Using the tapes in pharmacies that can know the exact period of ovulation, they detect the luteinizing hormone in the urine, and the positive result indicates that the body will be in the fertile period within the next twenty-four to thirty-six hours, or the applications and programs available on smart devices can be used to remind this period monthly. .

Fertility problems in women

Fertility is considered a problem if a natural pregnancy has not occurred within a year of trying, and therefore a medical examination must be carried out to find out the reason that prevents pregnancy, and fertility problems include:[3]

  • Ovulation problems, which are one of the main problems that cause poor fertility, and this condition occurs when a mature egg is not released from the ovaries, and its effects include irregular or light menstrual cycles, heavy bleeding during the period, bloating before the period, and tenderness in the breast. Treating this condition by taking specific medications, and it is one of the problems that cause infertility.
  • Tissue growth outside the lining of the uterus, and symptoms include heavy bleeding, pain during intercourse, or pain in the pelvis.
  • Poor quality and quality of the egg.
  • Polycystic ovaries that cause hormonal imbalance, and ovulation at different times.
  • Certain diseases that affect the fallopian tubes, such as pelvic infection, sexually transmitted diseases, blockage or damage to the tube.
  • There are some external factors that affect the fertility of the body such as smoking, consumption of large amounts of caffeine, alcohol, excessive weight gain, and excessive thinness.

Fertility problems in men

Factors such as smoking, alcohol, drugs, stimulants, poor nutrition, and taking certain medications such as: medications used to treat arthritis and depression, in addition to cancer, excessive weight gain, and exposure to toxins, affect the fertility of a man, and cause him various problems. , Of which:[4]

  • Ejaculation problems in men appear if the ejaculatory duct is blocked and prevents animals from reaching the semen due to problems in the reproductive organs.
  • Fertility problems related to the number of sperm or poor motility that affect their ability to fertilize an egg.
  • Antibodies destroy and destroy sperm, and this problem occurs when the testicle is twisted, or exposed to trauma or infection.
  • The presence of unknown and unexplained problems whose results do not appear in the tests, and doctors believe that these problems appear as a result of exposure to toxins or imbalances in the functions of sperm.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ Chaunie Brusie (4-10-2016), “Ovulation: When Am I Most Fertile?”, www.healthline.com, Retrieved 23-7-2018. Edited.
  2. ↑ “Ovulation signs”, www.pregnancybirthbaby.org.au, Retrieved 23-7-2018. Edited.
  3. ↑ “Common causes of fertility problems in women”, www.babycenter.com, Retrieved 23-7-2018. Edited.
  4. ↑ “Common causes of fertility problems in men”, www.babycenter.com, Retrieved 7-8-2018. Edited.

What is the fertile period?

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-14 00:24:01