Feast of the Cross
The Feast of the Cross is one of the important popular Christian holidays, in which the memory of the finding of the cross is commemorated. According to the Christian religion, the cross was carried out in 326 AD by the mother of the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great (Saint Helena) during her pilgrimage to Jerusalem. The Church (the Holy Sepulcher) at the site of the discovery by order of Helena and Constantine. The church was designated with part of the cross after nine years, as one third of them remained in the city of Jerusalem, and the other third in Rome.
Events experienced by the Feast of the Cross
The Feast of the Cross is celebrated on the fourteenth of September of each year, and the memory of this feast has passed through three main events:
- Discover the true cross.
- Dedication of the churches built by Constantine on the site of the Holy Sepulcher and Mount Calvary.
- The restoration of the True Cross and its return to Jerusalem by the Emperor Heraclius, after it had fallen into the hands of the Persian king (Chusraeus).
A Brief History of the Feast of the Cross
The cross remained buried under a hill of garbage by the Jews who were keen to bury it, and historians have reported that the Roman Emperor Hurrian had built on this hill in 135 AD a temple for the flower protector of the city of Rome, and in the year 326 AD, the Holy Cross was discovered by the knowledge of Queen Helena, who received encouragement from Her son, Emperor Constantine the Great, on this matter, and sent three thousand soldiers to search for the cross, and they agreed that whoever finds the cross first lights a big fire at the top of the hill, and from here came the birth of the custom of lighting the cross on the Feast of the Cross.
In the city of Jerusalem, the Queen met with Saint Macarius – the bishop of the city – and expressed her desire to search for the cross, and after great effort and effort, an elderly Jew guided her to its place, and she found three crosses and a memorial plaque on which was written (Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews). The cross of Christ was distinguished after I placed on it a dead person who was on his way to burial, after I placed it on the other crosses, but he did not rise from his death, and finally put it on the cross of Christ, so he rose. At that time, hymns and praises were recited, and the Church of the Resurrection was built on the cave in which the cross is located, and deposited it there, and it is still called to this day (the Cave of the Cross).
The cross between Jerusalem and Persia
The cross remained in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher until May 4, 614 AD, after the Persians managed to seize it after their occupation of the city and the demolition of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. In 629 AD, Emperor Heraclius managed to defeat Khosrau, King of the Persians, and returned the cross to the city.
Christian traditions mention that Emperor Heraclius carried the cross on his shoulder and walked with it, and at that time he was wearing the finest clothes, precious stones and gold of kings. (Beware, emperor, for these shining garments, and what they indicate of greatness and glory, keep you away from the poverty of Christ and the humiliation of the cross). Enter and raise the peony there.
What is the Feast of the Cross?