The oath of divorce is that a man swears to separate from his wife if she does something, or abstains from doing something, such as telling her you are divorced as long as you enter the house of so-and-so, or you are divorced unless you help my mother, and this oath is found in Islamic law and God has permitted it Glory be to Him, but some consider it the most hated halal.
Atonement for the oath of divorce
The oath of divorce does not actually effect divorce between the spouses, and its expiation is like swearing an oath, meaning that if the husband follows the word divorce, an oath by God or an oath of His attributes, Glory be to Him, as if the husband says to his wife: I swear by the one who created the heavens and the earth, I will divorce you if you do such and such, then you did such and such, because Divorce according to the majority of scholars has no meaning; Because the husband did not intend to divorce his wife, rather he wanted her not to do a specific thing, and here the husband has to pay the expiation of feeding ten poor people, or freeing a slave and slavery has ended on this day, or fasting three days, in compliance with the Almighty’s saying: يُؤَاخِذُكُم بِمَا عَقَّدتُّمُ الْأَيْمَانَ ۖ فَكَفَّارَتُهُ إِطْعَامُ عَشَرَةِ مَسَاكِينَ مِنْ أَوْسَطِ مَا تُطْعِمُونَ أَهْلِيكُمْ أَوْ كِسْوَتُهُمْ أَوْ تَحْرِيرُ رَقَبَةٍ ۖ فَمَن لَّمْ يَجِدْ فَصِيَامُ ثَلَاثَةِ أَيَّامٍ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ كَفَّارَةُ أَيْمَانِكُمْ إِذَا حَلَفْتُمْ ۚ وَاحْفَظُوا أَيْمَانَكُمْ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ آيَاتِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ) [المائدة: 89].
outright verbal divorce
He was saying to his wife, “You are divorced, or you are divorced.” Here, in the interest of Islamic Sharia to protect the family from disintegration and loss, it has made the divorce restricted to the expiry of the waiting period, meaning that if a man divorces his wife entering her for the first time, the wife has the right to remain in her home, and perform her household duties such as arranging and cooking Rather, she must also perform her marital duties, such as adorning herself for her husband, and treating him well, as she is forced to leave the house until after the waiting period has expired, and the waiting period is 3 months.
If the husband does not return his wife after the expiry of the three months, she must return to her family’s house, where the divorce between them becomes irrevocable and minor, and the return requires a dowry and a new contract, and this is in the first and second divorces, but if they return and the husband says to his wife that you are divorced for the third time, then the divorce is called irrevocable It is major, and the wife is not permitted to the man until after she marries another man and divorces him without an agreement between them.
Divorce here has different provisions according to its formula. If he attaches it to an act intended to prevent her from it, or urge her to do so, then divorce does not take place on the pretext that the husband intended to force his wife to work or leave something, and here the husband must review his intention as well, is his intention to rebuke his wife, or did he want to divorce Actually, however, he commented on the condition of my words only, and on the other hand, if the divorce was suspended by an inevitable matter coming in which the wife does not have anything to do with it, then the divorce takes place, as if he says to her that you are divorced if so-and-so returns from travel, or if he enters the night, here the intention of divorce is present and clear, but on the wife as well. To remain in the marital home until the waiting period ends; Because divorce here is revocable, so the husband has to review his wife.
What is the expiation for the oath of divorce?