Vitamin B12 deficiency

Vitamin B12 deficiency is a very common and widespread problem, and the clinical symptoms of this deficiency appear on the person affected by it, and many doctors consider that vitamin B12 deficiency is an indication of the presence of some diseases, such as increased atherosclerosis, due to excessive homocystinemia resulting from a lack of B12 protein, and therefore Scientists believe that tests for the level of B12 protein in the future will become part of the usual routine tests, such as tests for blood sugar, lipids, and others. The source of this vitamin is meat, as well as eggs, milk products and its derivatives.

Causes of Vitamin B12 deficiency

  • This vitamin is bound in the stomach by the gastric intrinsic factor, and then they are absorbed together to form a single compound, in the far small intestine.
  • Deficiency in vitamin B12 often occurs due to malnutrition – an eating disorder or lack of important food sources -, as well as an imbalance in the process of food absorption.
  • Some scientists believe that the main reason for the lack of this vitamin in the human body is due to an imbalance in absorption, with a deficiency in the secondary internal infectious factor that leads to atrophy in the gastric mucosa, as well as this factor is the cause of pernicious anemia disease.
  • It is believed that this disease is caused by an autoimmune syndrome within the person’s body. This autoimmune attacks the cells that secrete acid and pepsin in the mucous membranes of the stomach, and works to destroy them, and this develops in adults gradually.
  • Performing resections for part of the stomach, which caused this deficiency.
  • Excess gastric acid secretion due to distension or swelling of the gastric glands.
  • The presence of some intestinal diseases, with the multiplication of germs in the stomach significantly.
  • The presence of some different parasites, which consume vitamin B12.
  • The presence of inflammatory diseases in the intestines, which cause vitamin B12 deficiency.
  • Ileal damage to the small intestine, and cases requiring removal of the small intestine.

Various pancreatic diseases can also cause vitamin B12 deficiency, and also cause anemia, and this is due to a disorder in the enzyme proteases, and metabolic diseases lead to vitamin B12 deficiency, and cause megaloblastic anemia as well, with a lack of cobalamin absorption, and proteinuria And the development of this leads to a genetic deficiency of the intrinsic factor, and leads to a deficiency of a protein that carries a vitamin called transcobalamin, and this vitamin that works to transport vitamin B12 into cells.

The development of vitamin B12 deficiency

Vitamin B12 deficiency has several stages:

  • The first stage: It appears in a negative balanced way, leading to a decrease in the content of the stock in the body, where there is a decrease in the proportion of vitamin B12 in the blood, but it is considered in the proper field.
  • The second stage: the ineffectiveness of the vitamin appears, and this is clearly manifested in the rise in the metabolic substances in the blood serum, and the stock is depleted as well, and in this case the percentage of the vitamin in the blood drops below the normal limit.
  • The third stage: megaloblastic anemia occurs, neuropathy appears, and here the full symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency appear in the body.

The variety of symptoms of low level of vitamin B12 increases widely in the advanced stages, but the diagnosis of this vitamin deficiency at the present time is easy and simple, as the vitamin is measured in the serum directly, and through this the doctor diagnoses the patient fully, conducts the necessary surveys, and if There was a suspicion of vitamin B12 deficiency, due to the lack of apparent symptoms, so it is preferable to examine the metabolic substances, due to the possibility of a functional disorder in the work of the vitamin, and even if it is present in the body normally, and when the doctor finds an increase in the metabolic substances, the doctor here performs the Schilling test and that To diagnose pernicious anemia, or to identify other causes of deficiency of this vitamin in the body.

Symptoms of Vitamin B12 deficiency

Symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency are similar to the clinical symptoms of anemia, where the person feels tired, decreased almonds, coated tongue, the person loses sensation as well as vibration. In the affected person, and the presence of other autoimmune disorders, the person may have an increased risk of heart disease, especially in adults, the occurrence of various disorders in the digestive tract (lack of food, lack of bowel activity, gas, and constipation), and fertility may be affected. In both sexes, an immune system disorder is also possible.

Effects of Vitamin B12 Deficiency

  • Feeling of tingling or numbness in the hands and feet.
  • The person finds it difficult to move and walk.
  • The person is irritable, or may feel depressed.
  • Hair feels confused, may senile, and in some cases lose its memory.

Vitamin B12 deficiency treatment

The treatment of this vitamin deficiency depends on the causes leading to the deficiency, where if the cause of this deficiency is anemia or a problem with absorption, the treatment here will be by injection, and there are some cases where vitamin tablets are needed. But some people can be Vitamin B12 is necessary for the continuation of his life, a person may suffer from some diseases, and when some important vitamins in the body are reduced, the person’s condition may worsen, and may lead to death, and if a person suffers from low vitamin B12 due to the lack of this person’s intake of important food sources that contain On vitamin B12, the doctor stresses the sick person to eat a special healthy diet, with vitamin B12 supplements or injections.

Care and prevention

Many people can prevent low vitamin B12, by eating the necessary foods, such as poultry meat, seafood, dairy products, cheese, and eggs, but some people do not eat animal foods, or have a disease that prevents them from eating meat and cheese periodically, and here doctors recommend Take vitamins containing B12.

medical studies

  • There are many studies and medical research, led by American research that proves that vegetarians are also vulnerable to low vitamin B12, and they are more likely than others to suffer from this vitamin deficiency; Because they rely on green foods only, and medical information indicates that animal foods are one of the most abundant sources of vitamin B12, and for this reason doctors advise people who prefer to eat green foods to eat some animal foods, because he needs them, and if he does not prefer them, his body is in Most needed, this person needs to eat only one meal per week, in order to avoid low vitamin B12, which is very important for the body.
  • Some studies show the importance of vitamin B12 for the nervous system in general, when a person eats various food sources that contain vitamin B12, the functions of the nervous system improve, and its various functions are preserved from any danger that may affect them.
  • There is research indicating the importance of folic acid B12, for pregnant women, because it works to reduce birth defects that may appear in children for any reason.

What is the cause of vitamin B12 deficiency?

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-21 03:27:01