A person is usually susceptible to many diseases and health problems, which weaken his body and make him tired and exhausted, and the health problems that a person may encounter in his life are many and varied, and affect different parts of the body, such as problems that affect the respiratory system, especially the nose, People often experience bleeding from the nose, which is called a nosebleed, so what is a nosebleed? And what are its causes?

Nosebleed definition

Nosebleed is a human condition that causes blood to bleed from the nose, due to damage to the blood vessels in the mucous membranes lining the nose.

types of nosebleed

  • Anterior epistaxis: a nosebleed that occurs in the frontal area of ​​the nose, which is easily accessible, making it easy to treat.
  • Posterior epistaxis: a nosebleed that occurs in the back of the nose, which is difficult to reach, which makes stopping the bleeding difficult.

Causes of a nosebleed

Nosebleeds either occur due to the presence of local problems, or it may occur for general reasons, and we start by talking about local causes.

  • Nosebleeds may be associated with diseases, carcinomas, or benign tumors.
  • Dryness of the mucous membranes due to the use of nasal oxygen therapy.
  • Infections, such as sinus infections, or nasal polyps.
  • Resorting to topical narcotics, such as decongestants, cocaine, or any type of medication that causes nosebleeds.
  • The internal membranes in the nose are exposed to wounds and damage, either due to tampering with the nasal cavity, or exposure to an external blow to the nose, or fractures in the nose.
  • Performing some surgeries followed by nosebleeds, such as ear, nose and throat operations, eye surgery, and jaw and facial surgery.
  • The expansion of the blood vessels, which increases the amount of blood flowing through them, which leads to increased pressure on the capillaries and thus bursting and blood from the nose.

After we have finished talking about the local causes, it is time to clarify the general reasons, which are as follows:

  • Hardening of the arteries.
  • An increase in blood pressure.
  • Infection with some blood diseases, such as thrombocytopenia and poor platelet function.
  • Taking blood-thinning and anticoagulant medications, such as aspirin.
  • Take painkillers and medications designed to treat headaches during anemia.
  • Some surrounding environmental factors, such as high temperature, altitude, or humidity.

What is the cause of bleeding from the nose?

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-21 22:45:01