The concept of democracy

The concept of democracy refers to the political system of government that derives its legitimacy from the people, and is based on the principle of majority rule, in which the people choose their representatives freely and in complete transparency through fair and competitive elections that ensure political and legal equality for voters and candidates alike, without violating the rights of minorities or Silence their voice.[1]

forms of democracy

The following points touch upon the three forms of democracy, and explain the nature of each one of them:[2]

  • Direct democracy: in which popular sovereignty is manifested in its best form, as the people are the ruler alone, and no one is authorized to act on their behalf in enacting laws and legislation, implementing them, and managing internal affairs. In decision-making due to their preoccupation with their daily lives and the large number of them, in addition to the difficulty of reaching a rational decision that satisfies everyone.
  • Semi-direct democracy: in which the people participate in legislation and political decision-making under the umbrella of the ruling authority, and one of the most prominent means to achieve this is to go to the polls to elect the body representing them and speaking in their name, or through a popular referendum.
  • Representative democracy: It is also called representative democracy, and it is a modern form of democracy based on the principle of agency, meaning that the people delegate the task of administering the decision to representatives who represent a specific party and have a certain number of seats in Parliament, or the representatives choose one person to represent the party before Parliament by acclamation.

The following points summarize some of the most important principles related to the mechanism of practicing democracy, as follows:[3]

  • Equality and respect for freedoms: Most thinkers and researchers in the field of freedoms agree that the goal of establishing the doctrine of democracy is to achieve political equality for all individuals. .
  • Political Participation: Democracy is based on giving each individual the right to participate in political decision-making.
  • Partisan pluralism: A democratic society is distinguished from other societies by accepting difference and approving the right of pluralism, as it is an inevitable outcome of freedom.
  • Separation of powers: It means the independence of the three authorities, namely: the executive, legislative, and legal authorities, from each other.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ “The Meaning of Democracy”,, Retrieved 2019-5-3. Edited.
  2. ↑ Rabih Suhaila (2017), “Alain Touraine’s concept of democracy”, pages 53-58,, accessed on 4-18-2019. act.
  3. ↑ Ahmed Houhou, “The Principles and Constituents of Democracy”, The Thinker Magazine, No. 5, p. 331-337. act.

What is meant by democracy?

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-11 12:15:01