Mad Cow Disease: Mad Cow Disease is one of the serious and deadly diseases that affect the central nervous system in cows, and the factor that causes this disease is an infectious protein molecule called (Prion), which causes disturbance and imbalance in the nervous system. As this disease destroys parts of the brain and spinal cord, the brain is filled with holes and tiny gaps, where the shape of the brain becomes like a sponge; Therefore, this disease is known medically as: (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy), and its abbreviation: (BSE).

Mad cow disease is a chronic disease, as it has a long incubation period ranging from 30 months to 8 years, and it develops slowly and lasts for a long time.

This disease causes the cows behavioral changes, involuntary movements, disturbances, tremors and irritability, until they die. Where mad cow disease is considered a degenerative disease, which, if it affects the body of the organism, leads to a gradual deterioration over time in the functions of its organs. This disease mostly affects adult cows aged 4 to 5 years.

Some scientists believe that mad cow disease can be transmitted to humans if they eat infected beef. Where this disease is transmitted to humans with a new pattern known as (Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, CJD), some scientists have found evidence suggesting that there is a link between the two diseases, but each of the two diseases may be independent of the other. Creutsfeldt-Jakob disease: It is a fatal degenerative disease that affects the central nervous system in humans, and causes death in a short period, often not exceeding a year, and its symptoms are somewhat similar to those of mad cow disease. This disease is described as the human version of mad cow disease.

This disease was first diagnosed in some cattle in Britain in 1986 AD, then this disease appeared and spread to other regions and countries in Europe and the world. This disease, which appeared in the mid-1980s, led to an economic crisis known as the (mad cow crisis), and this crisis caused the deterioration and collapse of the beef trade market in the countries where mad cow disease appeared, especially Britain, as consumers stopped buying imported meat from those countries. Countries where the disease has spread. In addition, some countries, such as France, have banned the import of beef from Britain. In 1996, the European Union banned the import of beef from Britain, which aggravated the crisis and the collapse of the beef market in it.

What is mad cow?

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-20 04:18:01