Definition of business administration

Business Administration (in English: Business Administration) is a set of activities that are related to each other in order to implement effective control and control over all the functions of the company.[1]. Business administration is also defined as the processes that are applied in order to activate dealing with people and things within the scope of the work environment, which leads to the successful achievement of the desired goals.[2] Another definition of business management is the actions and methods that aim to direct the individuals, affairs and business of the organization.[3]

management history

Business administration is a relatively modern science, unlike management in general, which is an old concept. Because it was based on the presence of power in the hands of people, when one person has the authority to control other individuals, then he implements management based on personal skills, or experience gained from work.

Until the early nineteenth century AD, management remained a set of ideas and functions that are applied without accurate management curricula, or based on scientific studies and research, until the American thinker and businessman Frederick Taylor appeared and contributed to the establishment of a specialized curriculum in management science.[4]

When the idea of ​​business management emerged as a modern administrative science, it relied on a set of principles, foundations and scientific theories that contributed to promoting the technical and practical application of management in the business sector. By controlling the job behavior and the factors affecting the work environment and the requirements of professional development at the present time, the business administration was also keen to study the political and economic conditions affecting the nature of business in a society; Especially with the increase in the volume of production, and the development of services provided by the various business sectors.[4]

management jobs

Management in general, and business management in particular, depends on the implementation of four main functions, which are:[5]

  • Planning: is defining goals, and building appropriate strategies and plans to achieve them in order to reach a decision-making, or to introduce something new in the final stages of applying the various administrative functions and processes.
  • Organizing and coordinating: These are the functions that aim to set appropriate rules, define the tasks and responsibilities that should be performed, according to specific and specific steps, and then ensure that they are coordinated using administrative methods that help distribute these tasks to the appropriate people in the work environment.
  • Leadership and guidance: It is the application of means that aim to influence employees in a positive way by working to motivate them to carry out the tasks required of them, and communicating and interacting with them, whether through training them, or providing them with assistance in completing their jobs, as well as working to direct them in the right ways that contribute to the Efficiently achieve the desired goals.
  • Monitoring and control: It is the permanent follow-up of the employees’ workflow by looking at the special results in the work, and comparing what has been realistically achieved and what was previously planned, and it still needs to provide tools and time in order to actually start implementing it, and errors are discovered at the control stage. The incident, and then to correct it within the special policies at work.

Management responsibilities

Associated with the administration are a set of responsibilities that must be applied within the work environment, whether it is an institution, a company, or any other field of work. The following are a group of the most important of these responsibilities:[6]

  • Ensure the implementation of all objectives and strategies in the facility within the time period proposed in the work plan.
  • Supervising all financial activities, and following up on the budget and accounting lists, in order to apply control over financial operations; Whether it depends on paying expenses, or obtaining diversified revenues.
  • Managing special operations in production, especially in industrial companies that depend on a set of production processes and contribute to achieving their own goals.
  • Activating the role of innovation in the work environment, which contributes to the emergence of new goods, services or technologies that help develop the institution and attract more customers.
  • Working to activate the role of consultations and meetings between management, department heads and sub-managers, which contributes to the exchange of opinions and useful ideas.
  • Participating in negotiations, making agreements, and contracts between the private administration in the institution and the departments of other institutions.
  • Approving the appointment of project supervisors, department heads, and sub-managers, accepting their resignations, and implementing their administrative requirements.
  • Monitoring the work performance index; By following up on reports, financial statements, and other documents that provide an assessment of the special situation in the organization.

Operational administrative processes

The administration is keen, before starting to implement the work, to implement many operational administrative processes, including:[7]

  • Performance of tasks: They are the principles that management must formulate at the beginning of official work, and with time they become necessary matters, and which all employees are keen to apply, especially in light of the changing professional conditions that require maintaining the performance of tasks correctly, as the task is defined as every work that is done accomplished to achieve a goal.
  • Records and reports: They are documents written in paper or electronic format that include information about data that is used in managing decisions, following up on employees, and special activities in the institution.
  • Information processing: It is the method that helps in studying information, and it includes three main types, namely:
  • The institution’s private information, including all its information since its establishment until the current working day.
  • Information related to the work of the institution, which includes any internal information directly related to the work.
  • External related information, which is information obtained from sources that are not directly related to the work, but which contribute to providing information about something, such as recent projects, such as construction projects in which institutions that are not specialized in construction and buildings need the assistance of a specialized external engineer.

Business management video

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the reviewer

  1. ↑ “business management”, Business Dictionary, Retrieved 12-17-2016. Edited.
  2. ↑ “management”, Oxford Dictionaries, Retrieved 12-17-2016. Edited.
  3. ↑ “management”,, Retrieved 12-17-2016. Edited.
  4. ^ AB Muhammad Walid Al-Jallad, “Business Administration”, The Arabic Encyclopedia, accessed on 12-17-2016. act.
  5. ↑ Andrew Dubrin (2012), Essentials of Management, Pages 9,10. Edited.
  6. ↑ “Are You a Born Leader? A Business Administration Career Could Be for You”, All Business Schools, Retrieved 12-18-2016. Edited.
  7. ↑ “Business Management”,, Retrieved 18-12-2016. Edited.

What is business management?

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-21 18:51:01