The World – Africa
During the session, each party presented its outlook on the issue, its problems and obstacles that must be overcome to reach a final solution.
Cairo, through its Foreign Minister, Sameh Shoukry, affirmed that the issue today is linked to a “great matter” for the Egyptian people, and that the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam “is an existential danger that threatens the only source of life for more than 100 million Egyptians.”
Shukri stressed that Ethiopia’s huge project on the Blue Nile could endanger the security and survival of an entire nation by threatening its only source of life.
He reiterated Egypt’s refusal to fill and operate the dam unilaterally without reaching an agreement that includes the necessary measures to protect the communities in the two downstream countries, and to prevent serious harm to their rights, as the Foreign Minister stressed that this would increase tension and could raise crises and conflicts that threaten stability in an already troubled region.
Shukri also criticized the accusations of the representative of Ethiopia in the Security Council of Egypt, saying that “Cairo did not accuse any country of accusation, but the representative of Ethiopia in the Security Council launched the accusations directly to Egypt, which is an interference.”
And that the convening of the Security Council meeting today is a positive step, reflecting the commitment of the members of the Council in carrying out this main organ of the United Nations of its responsibilities as stipulated in the Charter of the Organization.
For his part, Sudan’s delegate to the United Nations said that his country believes that the African track can advance the efforts of the three countries to reach an agreement regarding the Renaissance Dam.
In his speech to the UN Security Council, he added that Khartoum believes that reaching an agreement before filling the Renaissance Dam is absolutely necessary to avoid harming millions of people.
Sudan stressed that their position on the Renaissance Dam is based on the principle of not harming others.
As for Ethiopia, which built the dam, and which it said was aimed at achieving the development goals of the Ethiopian people, its delegate to the Security Council called for not putting obstacles in the way of the “Renaissance Dam” negotiations.
The Ethiopian delegate pointed out that there was no justice in the participation of the waters of the Nile River, despite the presence of water scarcity in Africa, stressing that his country has the right to preserve the water and benefit from it.
He stressed that Ethiopia is certain of the extent of the need of Egypt and Sudan for the waters of the Nile River, as well as the need for Ethiopia from the water, adding: “Therefore, there should be fair discussions between the three parties and there should be no distance between them.”
He warned Ethiopia’s delegate to the United Nations, not to risk a “more difficult” solution, declaring his refusal to refer the file of the Renaissance Dam crisis to the UN Security Council.