The importance of prayer in Islam

Prayer is the second pillar of Islam, and it is the pillar of the religion in which the manifestations of slavery are manifested in its greatest forms, and by performing this duty, the connection with God Almighty is renewed, so the Muslim opens with his Lord Almighty, a new page, and closes and purifies a past page.[1]And in the hadith: (The five daily prayers and Friday to Friday and Ramadan to Ramadan are expiations for what is between them if he avoids major sins).[2] The greatness of this ritual in Islam is evidenced by his saying, peace and blessings be upon him, about it: “The first thing for which a servant will be held accountable on the Day of Resurrection will be his prayer.[3] And in the other hadith: (Between a servant and polytheism or disbelief is the abandonment of prayer).[4]

Prayer conditions

The conditions for prayer are divided into conditions of obligation and conditions of health. As for the conditions for prayer being obligatory, they are Islam, reason, puberty, and freedom from obstacles, i.e. purity from menstruation and postpartum bleeding. And the dress and the body of malice, and receiving the qiblah with ability.[5]

Pillars of prayer

The pillars of prayer are as follows:[5]

  • The intention, and there are those who considered the intention a condition of the validity of prayer.
  • Performing the obligatory prayer for those who can afford it.
  • The takbeer of Ihram.
  • Reciting Al-Fatihah, and it is excluded from this pillar of the congregation praying aloud according to some scholars, even if reciting it is more secure for him, and also excluded from reciting Al-Fatihah for the one who is praying ahead of him who does not find space to read Al-Fatihah, or catches up with the imam in kneeling.
  • Bowing, and to reassure the worshiper in it.
  • Standing after bowing, and to reassure the worshiper in it.
  • Prostration, and to reassure the worshiper in it.
  • Sitting between the two prostrations, and to reassure the worshiper in them.
  • Sitting for the last tashahhud in prayer.
  • التشهد الأخير، وأصح صيغة للتشهد: (التَّحِيَّاتُ لِلَّهِ وَالصَّلَوَاتُ وَالطَّيِّبَاتُ، السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ، السَّلَامُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ، أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُه).[6]
  • Prayers upon the Noble Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, after the last tashahhud of prayer, and it is one of the pillars of prayer according to the Shafi’i imams. On Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you prayed on Abraham and on the family of Abraham, and blessed you on Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as well as[7] Or to say: (O God, pray to Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you prayed on the family of Abraham, you are a glorious praise, O God, bless you, and the best of Muhammad.[8]
  • Arrangement between pillars.
  • The first delivery.

Prayer duties

The duties of prayer are as follows:[9]

  • The takbeer is only the takbeer of Ihram.
  • Saying (God listens to those who praise Him), and that is for the imam and the singular.
  • Saying (Our Lord, praise be to you).
  • Saying Glory be to my Lord the Most High once when prostrating in prayer.
  • Saying Glory be to my Lord the Great and that once when bowing in prayer.
  • The first tashahhud and sitting for it.

Sunnahs of prayer

The sunnahs of prayer are divided into actual sunnahs, which are called hu’at and verbal sunnahs as follows:[9]

verbal Sunnahs:

  • The opening supplication in prayer is: (Glory be to God, and praise be to You, Blessed be Your name, Exalted be Your greatness, and there is no god but You), and this supplication is after the opening takbeer.
  • Invocation and basmalah.
  • Saying Amen after reading Al-Fatihah.
  • Read a surah after Al-Fatihah.
  • Saying (filling the heavens, filling the earth, and filling whatever you want after) and that is for the one who is not praying after the tahmeed, and it is a Sunnah for the one who is praying according to the correct opinion.
  • What is more than once in the glorification of bowing and prostration, i.e. the second and third times and what exceeds it.
  • The imam recited aloud.
  • Prayers in the last tashahhud for the family of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, and blessings upon him and them, and supplication after that.
  • The addition to one time in the prayer of the person praying between the two prostrations (Lord, forgive me).

Actual Sunnahs:

  • Raising the hands with the takbeer of Ihram in prayer.
  • Raising the hands when bowing, and when standing from it, and put them down after that.
  • Put the right hand over the left hand.
  • Looking at the position of prostration in prayer.
  • Differentiate between the feet when doing.
  • Grasp the knees when bowing, with the fingers spread apart, and extend his back, and bring his head towards it.
  • Enable members to prostrate, and direct them to the place of prostration.
  • Separating the upper arms from the sides, the abdomen from the thighs, and the thighs from the legs, separating the knees, straightening the feet, separating the toes while making them flat on the ground, and keeping the hands flat on the ground, fingers clenched.
  • The Sunnah of the Iftar when prostrating between the two prostrations in the first tashahhud of the prayer, as well as the Sunnah of Al-Turk, when the last tashahhud of the prayer, and iftarsh, according to the definitions of the scholars, is to put the right foot on the tip of the toes, and the left leg is to stick its back to the ground, and to sit on its soles. He erected the right leg, placing the soles of the tips of the toes on the ground, with their heads facing the qiblah, and bringing his left foot toward his right foot, and making his hip and left buttocks attached to the ground.[10]
  • He joined the fingers of the hands and extended them when placing the hands on the thighs when prostrating between the two prostrations, as well as during the tashahhud, except that in the tashahhud he grips his pinky and ring fingers, and circles them with the middle, and when remembrance of God he points with the forefinger.
  • Turn left and right when delivering the prayer.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ Prof. Mustafa Muslim (03-09-2015), “The Importance of Prayer”, Al-Alukah Network, accessed on 12-12-2017. act.
  2. ↑ Narrated by Muslim, in Sahih Muslim, on the authority of Abu Hurairah, page or number: 233, the summary of the ruling of the narrator is Sahih.
  3. ↑ Al-Albani narrated it, in Sahih al-Tirmidhi, on the authority of Abu Hurayrah, page or number: 413, the summary of the ruling of the narrator is authentic.
  4. ↑ Narrated by Al-Albani, in Sahih Al-Tirmidhi, on the authority of Jabir bin Abdullah, page or number: 2619, the summary of the ruling of the narrator is authentic.
  5. ^ AB Muhammad Rafiq Moamen Al-Shobaki (06-20-2015), “The Conditions and Pillars of Prayer”, Al-Alukah Network, accessed on 12-12-2017. act.
  6. ↑ Narrated by Al-Albani, in Sahih Ibn Majah, on the authority of Abdullah bin Masoud, page or number: 1547, summary of the ruling of the narrator is authentic.
  7. ↑ Narrated by Al-Albani, in Sahih Al-Tirmidhi, on the authority of Uqbah bin Amr bin Tha`labah Abu Masoud, page or number: 3220, summary of the ruling of the narrator is authentic.
  8. ↑ Narrated by Muslim, in Sahih Muslim, on the authority of Ka`b bin Ujrah, page or number: 406, the summary of the ruling of the narrator is Sahih.
  9. ^ AB Sheikh Muhammad Salih Al-Munajjid (20-12-2004), “The Pillars, Duties and Sunnahs of Prayer”, Islam Question and Answer, viewed on 12-12-2017. act.
  10. ↑ “Iftaresh and Al-Turk, their meaning, and their Sunni positions”, Islam Web, 05-13-2002, accessed on 12-12-2017. act.

What are the conditions, pillars, duties and Sunnahs of prayer?

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-20 21:45:01