Narrative Structure Components

The narrative structure has three basic components:[1]

  • Narrator: He is the party who possesses sufficient information about the narrator, with all its elements of event, characters, time and place, and who is able to create harmony between them, weave it and present it to the reader through a narrative construction chosen by him.
  • Al-Marawi: It is also called the narration, and the author has prior knowledge of it, so he works to show it in the best manner.
  • The narrator: he is the recipient or the reader, and this element is always present in the mind of the author, and the author forms this narrative structure in response to the recipient.

Narrative Structure Analysis

When decomposing the narrative structure into a set of elements, we get:[2]

  • Plot elements: in which characters and conflicts are identified, which the writer can highlight at the beginning of the literary work or in his exhibition, and lists the events, fluctuations and surprises that occur in the events.
  • The writer’s approach is in organizing events and his style of narration. The writer can recount events with a regular flow, or break their sequence by adding fluctuations or sudden events that change the course of the text.
  • Narrative style: It shows the writer’s ability to influence the structure of the narrative, as well as his ability to attract the reader’s attention and move between events and characters easily.
  • The main ideas of a literary work include the ideas or messages that the writer imparts in the text, which the reader can discern or infer while reading.

Types of narrative structure

Among the most important types of techniques used, which are categorized according to their relevance to the plot or the point of view of one of the characters, we mention them:[3]

  • Plot-related techniques include the introduction, conclusion, and the reader’s ability to predict, i.e. the sequence of events that make up the narrative structure.
  • Techniques related to the narrative perspective: we mean the person who tells the story or through whom the story is told, it may be the first person, for example, or the second or the third, and so on.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ Sahar Sheeb (2013), Journal of Studies in Arabic Language and Literature (14th Edition), p. 12. Adapted.
  2. ↑ by David Raudenbush, “How to Explain Narrative Structures in Writing”,, Retrieved 12-26-2017. Edited.
  3. ↑ “Narrative Techniques in Writing: Definition, Types & Examples”,, Retrieved 26-12-2017. Edited.

What are the components of a narrative structure?

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