Types of urinary tract bacteria

Bacteria are not naturally found in the urinary tract, and urine is a sterile fluid free of bacteria and other types of microorganisms such as: fungi and viruses,[1] Urinary tract infections, or UTIs for short, are one of the common health problems, especially in women, young children, and the elderly. Among the types of bacteria that may lead to this type of infection are the following:[2][3]

  • Gram-negative bacteria E. coli is the most common type of bacteria that causes UTIs, and other Gram-negative bacteria that may lead to UTIs Less commonly, Klebsiella, Proteus mirabilis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, as well as Mycoplasma and Chlamydia.
  • Gram-positive bacteria: Among the types of Gram-positive bacteria that may be responsible for urinary tract infections are the following:
  • Staphylococcus.
  • Enterococcus faecalis.
  • Streptococcus agalactiae.

Urinary tract infection symptoms

Urinary tract infection may not be accompanied by any clear symptoms on the infected person, but if symptoms and signs appear on the infected person, they may include the following:[4]

  • turbidity of urine
  • Pain and burning when urinating.
  • An intense and urgent need to urinate.
  • Increased frequency of urination and decreased amount of urine.
  • Urine has a strong odor.
  • Blood in the urine.
  • Pain in the pelvis, especially in women.

Prevention of urinary tract infection

There are many tips that may contribute to reducing the risk of urinary tract infection, and the following is a list of some of them:[5]

  • Drink enough fluids.
  • Ensure the hygiene of the genitals.
  • Refrain from drinking alcohol and cut back on caffeinated beverages.
  • Urination after sexual intercourse.
  • Wear comfortable, cotton underwear.
  • Use of sanitary napkins.
  • Avoid using spermicide and diaphragm as a contraceptive.
  • Avoid using aromatic products in the genital area.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ “Urinary Tract Infections or UTIs”, www.hopkinsmedicine.org, Retrieved 26-2-2019. Edited.
  2. ↑ “Urinary tract infections”, www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au, Retrieved 26-2-2019. Edited.
  3. ↑ Talha H. Imam, “Bacterial Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)”, www.msdmanuals.com, Retrieved 26-2-2019. Edited.
  4. ↑ “Urinary tract infection”, www.mayoclinic.org, 30-1-2019, Retrieved 26-2-2019. Edited.
  5. ↑ James McIntosh (6-11-2018), “What to know about urinary tract infections”, www.medicalnewstoday.com, Retrieved 26-2-2019. Edited.

Types of urinary tract bacteria

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-13 14:45:01