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Thursday February 27, 2020

Tourism in Tongeren

Atuatuca Tungrorum is the oldest city in Belgium. It was founded in the first century AD. Decades ago, the Celtic tribal emperor Empire, launched an attack against the Roman Empire on this land, and is remembered by a huge statue on the Grote Markt.

You can take a trip to the Roman era, with tourism in Tongeren, and wandering around it, will take you back a thousand years or more. After 1.5 kilometers from the walls that were changed last time in the fourth century AD, and in a museum
Gallo-Roman and Teseum find hallmarks of the Roman era.

The city of Tongeren also includes treasures dating back to the Middle Ages, including the Gothic Church with its exceptional treasury, fortifications dating back to the thirteenth century, cobbled alleys, and from the twenty-first century. The city also became a map of the weekly market, which includes more than 350 merchants, to sell antiques.

The most important sights in the city of Tongren

Gallo Romans Museum

You can immerse yourself in the ancient past of Tongeren, in this award-winning museum, which moved to a modern building in 2011, and the museum has a special attraction because of its historical roots, which extend to the history of the nineteenth century and the monuments it contains, and the museum has been strengthened with collections of excavations and discoveries It has been collected for over 160 years.

The exhibition begins with the presentation of Neanderthals, the study of major milestones in human history in the Limburg region, and even our immediate first ancestors, to the first farmers, to the beginnings of trade, and even the founding of the city Tungrorum in 10 BC.

Besides magnificent artifacts such as statues, paintings, jewelry, architectural elements, and a bust of the first century BC by Julius Caesar, the exhibition is full of multimedia, highly detailed models and many tangible elements of a multi-sensory journey, and a temporary exhibition is always held in the museum, and in February 2020 AD , Was dedicated to the Dachian Treasures of Romania.[1]

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Church of Our Lady

During a period of conflict in the thirteenth century, the main Roman temple of Tongeren was burnt down, rebuilt in the Gothic style that continued to this day, and the building was built with a stone group, belonging to a long series of earlier places of worship, dating back to the fourth century AD.

The Church of Our Lady has completed more than 300 years today, and it will surprise you, the tower, which is more than 55 meters high, and the tower with a stone bell in Tongeren, is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site.

From the inside I look for the magnificent trio, and the huge types drawn by Liege artists, such as Theodore Edmund Plumer (1671-1733), and on the altar of the new Roman style, there is a picture of Mary from the fifteenth century, carved from walnut, and titled Onze Lieve Vrouw Oorzaak onzer Blijdschap (Our Lady, the reason for our joy).

From the outside, before the present church, the only Roman monastery is located in Masland, with invisibly carved columns and crowns.[2]

Tysum Teseum

The treasury of the Church of Our Lady is located in a room and is an attraction in itself, as it includes one of the richest collections of Catholic art in Belgium. In Teseum this art is combined with an archaeological site engraved at a depth of three meters.

Below, you will be able to see Tongren, by its archaeological nature, where you will enjoy watching the origins of ancient buildings and the remains of seven churches before the current church. Many of these churches show signs of damage caused by fires, which indicate the violence and destruction that occurred in the past.

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In the closet you can see a collection of invaluable liturgical touches of gold and silver components, candlesticks, archives, and very rare antiquities dating back to the Middle Ages.

Tongeren Market

On Sunday morning, the Tongeren Market sweeps antiques, orbiting the city along seven streets, and every Sunday around 350 street vendors come to Tongeren, to complement the 40 or so antique stores that open their doors for them to display their goods.

The Tongeren flea market began in the early 1970s, and over time it shifted from an informal gathering, to a weekly event, attracting visitors from all over Europe and the United States.

The stalls are stacked with classic toys, collectibles and decorative art, antique tools, furniture of all ages, art and light and vintage equipment and more than you can imagine is displayed, and you can enjoy a cup of coffee in one of the cafes spread on the terrace along the road. [3]

Roman walls

At the beginning of the second century under the Trajan Empire, the city of Tongeren surrounded a wall, more than 4.5 kilometers long, and was protected in some places by three trenches, two meters thick, and it is believed that since they were built during a long period of peace, they were built as a defense symbol of the place .

The heart of the wall is made of granite, mixed with sandstone, although this material has been extracted since that time, and remarkably, there are still more than a kilometer and a half of the Roman walls of Tongeren, the best pieces can be seen on Caesarea and Junionlan.

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Medieval walls

Since the thirteenth century, when Tongeren was threatened by the Duchy of Brabant, those fourth-century Roman walls were insufficient to protect the city, and in 1241 AD a 50-year construction program was started.

Leaving the city of Tongren with 13 towers, 6 gates, and a 54-hectare round fortress that is roughly the size of 100 soccer fields, much flint and sandstone were used to establish medieval walls.

There are many interesting monuments to see such as the Moerenpoort Gate, the Lakenmakerstoren dressmaker tower, and the Velinxtoren named for the influential 16th-century family. You can also find the most extensive extensions of the fences in frede Novowal in the north, and Leopoldwal in the east.[4]

Morinpur Gate

Among the six gates that controlled access to the medieval Tongeren, the eastern Morinpur Gate still stands, and the name refers to the Morinpur Swamp, located on the eastern side of the city of Tongeren, and you can visit these places in the De Kevie Nature Reserve.

Moerenpoort dates, as it is now, to 1379 AD, and when it was rebuilt after the attack in 1344 AD by soldiers of Bishop Prince Liege, Adolf II of Mark, against his controversial successor and his nephew Engelbert III of Mark.

The gate faces an external gate, but inside it there is an older circular arc made in Roman style. The Morinpur Gate was built of granite, quarry from ancient Roman walls, and above it is a three-story tower.

The last restoration was completed in 2011, and you can go visit a free museum, explaining the story of this portal and the military history of Tongren, and at the top, you can head over to see a written plaque describing the city and countryside.

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