Throat pains

Sore throat is defined as a feeling of pain and roughness in the throat, especially when swallowing. The cause of the inflammation is either due to a viral infection such as: a cold or the flu, or the inflammation is caused by a bacterial infection due to streptococcus bacteria that needs treatment With antibiotics, a sore throat may be accompanied by a number of symptoms, including the following; Congestion of the glands in the neck and jaw, congestion and redness of the tonsils, the possibility of white spots or pus on them, fever, coughing, sneezing, and others.[1]

Throat pain treatment

The treatment of sore throat pain or sore usually depends on relieving the accompanying symptoms or alleviating the pain, and this is because most of the time the cause of the infection is a virus, and it does not need treatment, as its symptoms gradually disappear within five to seven days, and the treatment is divided into two parts that will be The details of each are as follows:[2]

natural remedies

Which depends on the use of natural ingredients away from medicines, including:[3][4]

  • Gargling with a salt solution with water.
  • Drink hot drinks such as; Caffeine-free tea, hot soup.
  • sage;
  • Apple cider vinegar contains acetic acid, which helps kill bacteria.
  • Honey, which works to fight inflammation and relieve pain, in addition to using it with other treatments to improve its taste, such as: mixing it with apple cider vinegar, some herbs, or warm water.
  • Licorice root, which relieves sore throat.
  • Lemon juice because it contains vitamin C and antioxidants.
  • Tea with ginger, which has anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, which relieve sore throat.
  • Cinnamon contains antioxidants, which makes it an anti-bacterial property.
  • drinking large amounts of fluids; This is to maintain the moisture of the mucous membranes in the throat, which helps in healing.

pharmacological treatments

As we mentioned previously, the cause of inflammation is often a viral infection, which does not need direct treatment, but rather treatments that relieve pain only. Therefore, painkillers that work to relieve throat pain and reduce fever can be used if inflammation is the underlying cause of pain in the throat, but It is worth noting that aspirin should not be given to children in childhood or adolescence. In the event that the cause of the pain is gastroesophageal reflux disease, the treatment of sore throat resulting from it is to take antacids, antihistamines 2 receptors (H2 blockers), and others, and antihistamines can also be taken in cases of allergies, and doctors do not advise Take antibiotics unless the cause of the pain is a bacterial infection.[3]

Causes of throat pain

There are many causes of sore throat, on which the treatment method depends, and the following is a simple explanation of each of them:[5]

viral infection

Viruses cause about 90% of cases of sore throat, as it is a symptom of a specific disease, and these diseases include:[5]

  • Colds.
  • Viral influenza.
  • Mononucleosis.
  • Measles.
  • Chicken pox.
  • mumps It is a viral disease that causes enlarged salivary glands, and its symptoms include fever, headache, general fatigue, weight loss, and pain when chewing and swallowing. For about 14-25 days, mumps infection does not require any treatment other than those that help relieve symptoms.[6]

bacterial infection

It is an inflammation of the throat and tonsils caused by Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria, which is transmitted through coughing or sneezing, so it often affects children, and one of the distinguishing signs between viral and bacterial infections is that bacterial infection is accompanied by a runny nose, while bacterial disease progression is rapid with Difficulty feeling when swallowing.[7]

Allergy

Allergies are the reaction of a person’s immune system to some stimuli found in nature, which can be harmless to others, including; Dust and pollen from plants, some pets, insects, and some foods or medicines. Allergies begin when a person meets one of the aforementioned stimuli, and the body secretes substances in response, including histamine, which leads to an annoying congestion for the affected person. Allergies may affect the throat and cause pain in it, but there are other areas in the body that may be affected by allergies, such as; The nose, eyes, sinuses, skin, lungs, and stomach are all due to a specific stimulus.[8]

gastroesophageal reflux disease

It is a condition in which the muscle connecting the esophagus and the stomach is not able to contract sufficiently, which leads to the reflux of the components of the stomach into the esophagus, which causes distress and discomfort for the injured, and the person is considered to have this disease if the condition is repeated more than twice a week, as this condition accompanies Coughing and difficulty swallowing, in addition to a burning sensation in the chest or throat, and these symptoms can be alleviated through a number of things, including; Avoid alcoholic beverages, spicy, sour and fatty foods, eat small amounts of food, avoid eating before bed, try to lose weight if possible, and wear loose-fitting clothes.[9]

other reasons

There are a number of other factors that stimulate throat pain, and the following are mentioned a number of them:[5]

  • dry air.
  • smoke.
  • air pollutants.
  • Chemicals and cleaning products.
  • Receiving an injury to the neck, which may affect the throat.
  • Yelling, talking loudly, or singing for long periods.
  • Having some types of cancer, such as: cancer of the throat, larynx, or tongue, but it is a rare cause of throat pain where the pain lasts for more than a few days.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ “Sore throat”, www.mayoclinic.org, Retrieved 23-4-2019. Edited.
  2. ↑ “Sore throat”, www.mayoclinic.org, Retrieved 26-4-2019. Edited.
  3. ^ a b “Sore Throat Causes, Symptoms, Home Remedies, and Medications”, www.medicinenet.com, Retrieved 26-4-2019. Edited.
  4. ↑ “15 natural remedies for a sore throat”, www.medicalnewstoday.com, Retrieved 26-4-2019. Edited.
  5. ^ ABC “Sore Throat 101: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment”, www.healthline.com, Retrieved 27-4-2019.
  6. ↑ “Mumps”, www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au, Retrieved 28-4-2019. Edited.
  7. ↑ “Strep Throat: What You Need to Know”, www.webmd.com, Retrieved 27-4-2019.
  8. ↑ “What is Allergy?”, www.allergy.org.au, Retrieved 27-4-2019. Edited.
  9. ↑ “GERD”, medlineplus.gov, Retrieved 28-4-2019. Edited.

Throat pain treatment