Geographical area of ​​the Arab countries

There are 22 Arab countries, including 9 from Africa and 13 from Asia, stretching between latitudes 5 to 35 north, and longitudes 58 east to 18 west. The Arab countries represent the main geographical area in the Middle East, and the area of ​​the Arab countries in the African continent together is approximately 9.94 million square kilometers, and the area of ​​the Arab countries in the Asian continent alone is approximately 3.92 million square kilometers, and the Arab countries dominate the south and south region. It also controls four major straits and passages: the Strait of Gibraltar, the Suez Canal, Bab al-Mandab, and the Strait of Hormuz. The Arab Gulf states occupy the northwestern shore of the Arabian Sea and the Gulf. In addition, the Arab countries control the movement of navigation in the Atlantic Ocean to the Indian Ocean through the White Sea and the Red Sea. In terms of area, the Republic of Sudan is the largest Arab country, with an area of ​​approximately 2.5 million square kilometers. The Kingdom of Bahrain in the Arabian Gulf is the smallest of the Arab countries with an area of ​​598 square kilometers. The percentage of exploited lands in the Arab countries varies according to the breadth of each country, where the percentage of the exploited area ranges from 4% to 40% in some countries.[1]


Bahrain: is a small Arab country located on the southwestern coast of the Arabian Gulf, and occupies one of the major oil-producing regions in the world, and its economy depends mainly on the processing of crude oil extracted by neighboring countries. In addition, the city of Manama is the capital of Bahrain, and the tourist destination of the surrounding countries on weekends. Bahrain is famous for its vast palm oases and a source of natural resources for the surrounding area. The following is a detailed explanation of the most important areas of the economy, geographic components, and the political system of the Kingdom of Bahrain:[2]

Geographical components

The Kingdom of Bahrain consists of two main groups of islands: natural islands and artificial islands, which together extend about 50 km from north to south and 16 km from east to west. One of these islands is Bahrain Island, which is one of the largest islands in the Kingdom, accounting for seven-eighths The total land area of ​​the country, and it consists of layers of sedimentary rocks: limestone, sandstone, sand or silt, which were formed during the Cretaceous and Paleogene periods, about 145 to 2.6 million years ago, surrounded by smaller islands such as Muharraq Island and Sitra Island, The other group includes Umm Al-Naasan Island, Hawar Island, Umm Al-Sabban Island, and many other islands. The area of ​​the Kingdom of Bahrain is slightly larger than the area of ​​Singapore. The King Fahd Causeway links Bahrain with Saudi Arabia and extends for approximately 24 km. The abundance of fresh water gave Bahrain fertile land, and because of it it gained historical importance as a port and trade center in the Persian Gulf. The climate in the Kingdom of Bahrain is hot and humid in the summer, with temperatures exceeding 32 degrees Celsius in the period between May and October, while in winter it is colder with average temperatures from December to March dropping to 21 degrees Celsius, when average rain falls 75 mm during the year. On the other hand, about 200 different types of desert plants grow in the dry parts of the Kingdom, and fruit trees, fodder crops and vegetables grow in irrigated areas. Birds in the spring and autumn are the migration seasons.[2]

economic aspect

The Kingdom of Bahrain is the first region in which oil was discovered in 1932, and therefore it will most likely be the first to deplete its oil reserves. Therefore, the Bahraini administration worked to develop its economy to become one of the most diversified economies in the Arab Gulf region. It relied mainly on the production of crude oil, natural gas, and the refining of petroleum products. It also developed in the field of ship repair and aluminum refining, as the Bahrain Aluminum Company became Government-owned BSC, one of the largest aluminum smelters in the world. On the other hand, the field of agriculture does not affect the national product of the Kingdom of Bahrain, but it meets some local needs such as vegetables, dairy products, dates, bananas, and pomegranates, and raises camels, livestock, and poultry.[2]

political system

The system of government in the Kingdom of Bahrain is a hereditary monarchy. The executive body in the country consists of the prime minister and ministers appointed by the king. The Legislative Council consists of two chambers: a consultative council consisting of 40 members also appointed by the king, and the parliament, which consists of 40 members elected by the people. The members of the two bodies serve the Kingdom for a period of four years. Women were given full rights to vote and stand for local and national elections. The Bahraini legal system is based on Islamic law. The highest court in the country is the High Civil Appeal Court. Separate courts have been established for members of the Sunni and Shiite sects, and a special court has been established to prosecute dissidents.[2]

The role of women in the renaissance of Bahrain

Since King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa took over the reins of power in Bahrain, the participation of Bahraini women in the fields of life has taken on a new dimension. Al Khalifa and the wife of King Hamad bin Isa is a great step to introduce women into the labor market, as the Supreme Council for Women was established to be the official body concerned with women’s affairs in the Kingdom of Bahrain.[3]

the reviewer

  1. ↑ Juma’a bin Ali bin Juma’a, Arab Security in a Changing World, Diversity of the Sources and Capabilities of the Arab Economy page. act.
  2. ^ a b c “Bahrain”,, Retrieved 3-5-2018. Edited.
  3. ↑ Mansour Mohammed, The Role of Bahraini Women in Sustaining Culture (First Edition Edition), Lebanon-Beirut: The Arab Foundation for Studies and Publishing, pg. 49. Adapted.
  4. ↑ Video about the 10 smallest countries in the Arab world.

The smallest Arab country in terms of area

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-21 11:33:01