The world – the Americas
The meeting will be attended by a number of leaders of the member states of the Security Council, including France, Tunisia, Norway, Ireland and Vietnam.
At the ministerial level, representatives of Mexico, India and Kenya will attend, in addition to the US administration official for the climate file, and former US Secretary of State John Kerry.
The meeting will be held remotely via a televised circuit, and this is the first time that the British prime minister presides over a session of the UN Security Council since January 31, 1992, when John Major, the British Prime Minister at the time, chaired a session on international peace and security.
Speakers, including the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, are expected to address the threat that climate change poses to international peace and security, on several fronts, including migration, conflicts, the achievement of sustainable development goals, the economy and health.
The meeting aims, according to the memorandum, distributed by Britain to the member states, to discuss “the steps that must be taken to confront the risks and future threats of climate change to international peace and security.”
This requires a systematic and continuous consideration of the related conflicts, ways of building peace and supporting adaptation, especially in the areas most vulnerable and affected by these changes. ”The memo notes that climate change is a factor that multiplies the threats, including agricultural crop corruption, fires, floods, desertification, and others.
It is expected that the leaders of the countries will address a number of issues, including the steps taken by their country at the national level, the national efforts to support adaptation and support the vulnerable groups in the face of the climate, and the contributions at the international level, especially by the industrialized countries that are responsible for the largest proportion of pollution.
State leaders will discuss ways in which the Security Council can support ways to combat the negative consequences of climate change and take them into account in the agenda of the Security Council on a wider scale.
In the last year, the UN Security Council began to focus more on the relationship between climate change and its threat to international peace and security in a number of meetings, including three high-level meetings held last year, and it will also discuss specific conflicts and the negative impact of climate change on conflicts such as the Republic. Central Africa, Darfur, Mali, Somalia and others.
Although most countries agree on the importance of addressing the roots and consequences of climate change, there are a number of member states of the Security Council that consider it best to discuss the issue extensively within the agenda of other institutions within the United Nations, including the General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). Among these countries are China and Russia, which are permanent members of the Security Council, and India, which for two years has held a non-permanent seat on the Council.
Next month, during the US presidency, the council will take up the climate issue again, as the administration of US President Joe Biden has put the issue of combating climate change on the top of its priorities. Among the first steps I took upon Biden’s presidency was the United States’ re-entry into the Paris climate agreement.
It is expected that the Secretary-General of the United Nations will link the issue of combating climate change with achieving the sustainable development goals. He will also focus on the negative impact of climate change on crises and conflicts, and on the need to support poor countries and societies that are most vulnerable to the negative consequences of climate change.
Guterres is likely to call on politicians and the private sector to prepare concrete plans to combat the negative consequences of climate change, and he is also expected to indicate the need to bridge the financing gap for developing and poor countries and societies suffering from the bad effects of the climate crisis, in addition to the importance of reaching support for the segments that suffer the most. Like women and girls who are bearing the brunt of the climate crisis the most.