Posted in: Last updated:
At the conclusion of a Security Council session held after the Berlin Conference on Libya, the UN Security Council on Tuesday called on the parties to the conflict in Libya to cease the immediate ceasefire with the aim of reviving the political process aimed at ending the ongoing war in this country. The council statement added that the conflicting parties must participate in the military committee named 5 + 5 to replace the ceasefire agreement on the ground.
In a statement issued at the conclusion of the meeting on The results of the Berlin conference On Libya, which was held on Sunday, the UN Security Council on Tuesday called on both sides of the conflict in Libya to reach “as soon as possible” a ceasefire that would revive the political process aimed at ending the war in this country.
“The members of the Security Council urge the Libyan parties to participate constructively in the military committee named 5 + 5 in order to conclude a ceasefire agreement as soon as possible,” the statement said.
Five officers from each side to form a military committee
It is assumed that this military committee that was agreed upon at the Berlin Summit will be formed in what was considered one of the achievements of the summit, from five officers representing the forces loyal to the government recognized by the United Nations based in Tripoli and five officers representing the forces of Field Marshal Khalifa Hifter, the strongman in eastern Libya And who, since April, has launched its forces to attack Tripoli.
The mission of this committee, which is supposed to meet soon, is to define ways and mechanisms in the field aimed at strengthening the cessation of hostilities that have been in effect between the two warring parties since the 12th of this year, in order to reach a truce between them.
More- Libya: parties to the conflict exchange accusations of violating the armistice hours after the conclusion of the Berlin conference
Al-Sarraj and Haftar agreed to participate in the Berlin conference, which was held under the auspices of the United Nations, but they refused to meet face to face, in a reflection of the large chasm still existing between the two camps.
At the conclusion of the conference, which lasted for a few hours, the main countries involved in the Libyan conflict pledged to abide by the arms embargo to Libya and not to interfere in the internal affairs of this country.
In their statement, the members of the Security Council welcomed the results of the Berlin Conference.
According to diplomats at the United Nations, the Security Council will begin in the coming days to discuss a draft resolution on Libya.
One of the diplomats said that during the Security Council meeting, Russia in particular demanded that this draft resolution focus on the outcome of the Berlin Conference without providing for the time being a mechanism to monitor a possible ceasefire agreement.
Berlin conference “just the beginning”
Since Haftar began its military attack on Tripoli on April 4, the Security Council has been unable to reach a resolution calling for a ceasefire and a return to the political process.
Haftar is supported by Russia, the United Arab Emirates and Egypt, while Al-Sarraj supports Turkey and Qatar.
At the end of the Security Council meeting, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who reported on the Berlin meeting, confirmed that this was “just a beginning.”
“We hope that (the military commission) will be able to meet for the first time on Tuesday,” Guterres told reporters.
“There is still a long way to go. We have a truce. A truce that suffers from violations but not major violations, it is local violations so far.”
“We need to move to a ceasefire, and from the ceasefire we need to move to a real political process, and we are not there yet,” he added.
The oil dilemma
For his part, the Ambassador of South Africa, Jerry Matthews Matghila, expressed his hope to assign a greater role to Africa in the ongoing international process on Libya, considering that the brown continent is marginalized in this regard.
Indeed, several African countries have complained in recent weeks that they have not been invited to participate in the Berlin process. In 2019, the African Union requested an expansion of the mission of the UN envoy to Libya, Ghassan Salama, so that it simultaneously becomes a representative of the United Nations and the African Union, but the West has so far rejected this idea.
The Security Council statement came hours after the United States expressed its “deep concern” to the closure of the forces loyal to the major oil ports in Libya, which led to stopping the work of the National Oil Corporation, and its demand for “an immediate resumption” of the operations of extracting and exporting Libyan oil.
“We are deeply concerned that stopping NOC operations may threaten to worsen the humanitarian emergency in Libya and cause more unnecessary suffering to the Libyan people,” the US embassy in Tripoli said in a tweet on Twitter, stressing that “NOC operations should be resumed on The spot. ”
The forces loyal to Haftar stopped the operations of extracting and exporting oil in the most prominent oil ports located in the east of the country, which are Brega, Ras Lanuf, Sidra, Al-Harika and Zuaitina.
Hifter justified the closure of the ports by refusing to use oil “to finance terrorism”, in reference to Turkey sending fighters to support the reconciliation government.
Experts say that Washington strongly opposes stopping Libyan oil exports because it leads to higher prices for black gold.