Henri Becquerel was the French physicist Antoine-Henri Becquerel. He was born in the French city of Paris, on December 15, 1852 AD, and devoted his life to studying physics and researching its sciences until he won the Nobel Prize in Physics for the year 1903, and remained thirsty for this science until he died on the twenty-fifth of August August of 1908.
Biography of Henri Becquerel
Henri Becquerel grew up in Paris and showed interest in physical research, and after completing his primary and secondary education, he joined the School of Applied Arts, then joined the Faculty of Science, where he remained until he obtained his doctorate in 1888, and then went to work as a professor of applied physics Department of Natural History at the Paris Museum, and in 1894 Becquerel took the position of chief engineer at the National School of Bridges and Roads, then a professor of physics at the Polytechnic School in 1895 AD, and conducted many experiments that led him to his achievements in physics, as he presented his studies at meetings of the French Academy for science.
The fame that Becquerel enjoyed is due to his discovery of the phenomenon of radioactivity. Thanks to its discovery, he won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903, noting that Becquerel reached this great discovery by chance; He was studying the emission of x-rays, and concluded that these rays must be related to the phenomenon of fluorescence; He placed one of the uranium compounds on a sensitive photographic plate isolated from sunlight, and placed this plate on a crystal of potassium uranyl sulfate, and noticed that the photographic plate appeared in black. It traces the effect of uranium atoms radiation on the crystal, and from it the discovery of the radioactive activity of heavy atoms appeared. He also had a prominent role in studying the effect of the Earth’s magnetic field in the atmosphere, where he studied the state of some materials when placed in the magnetic field.
- ↑ “Henri Becquerel”, www.britannica.com, Retrieved 8-3-2019. Edited.
- ↑ “Becquerel, Antoine-Henri (1852-1908)”, www.encyclopedia.com, Retrieved 8-3-2019. Edited.
- ↑ “Antoine Henri Becquerel”, www.norskfysikk.no, Retrieved 7-4-2019. Edited.
The scientist Henri Becquerel