Social Relations in Islam
Islam organized social relations and laid foundations and principles for them that guarantee compassion, solidarity, peace and love among people, and made people in them as brothers even if they were not related to kinship or acquaintance. The brothers in Islam were likened to a single human body that collapses if one member of it suffers pain or complains of it, so what if they were united by a bond such as the connection of the womb or the neighborhood, this is what we will discuss in this article, mentioning the rights of both relatives and neighbors.
قال تعالى: (وَاعْبُدُواْ اللّهَ وَلاَ تُشْرِكُواْ بِهِ شَيْئًا وَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ إِحْسَانًا وَبِذِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْيَتَامَى وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَالْجَارِ ذِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْجَارِ الْجُنُبِ وَالصَّاحِبِ بِالجَنبِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ وَمَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ إِنَّ اللّهَ لاَ يُحِبُّ مَن كَانَ مُخْتَالاً فَخُورًا) [النساء: 36].
Consanguineous people are the people with whom we are related by blood or lineage, some of them are forbidden and some are not; Muhrim from consanguineous relatives are the relatives from whom it is forbidden for a Muslim to marry, whether they are male or female, such as parents, sisters, brothers, uncles, aunts, maternal uncles, aunts, grandfathers, brothers and sisters from breastfeeding and mothers of breastfeeding. Adhering to them in order to obtain God’s pleasure and to follow what He commanded, and among these rights:
- their connection and their lack of estrangement; Because God Almighty abhors the one who cuts his mercy and is angry with him, and success in the work of a Muslim is linked to his connection to his mercy, and kinship means communicating with relatives and asking about their conditions and sharing their joys and sorrows always.
- Treating them dignified and politely according to the teachings of Islam and helping them meet their needs, whether material or moral.
- Forgiving the wrongdoer among them and repaying the bad with good, as the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, taught us.
- Helping needy relatives with alimony and providing housing, food, and clothing if the situation permits, for the closest is always the first to be treated kindly.
A neighbor is every person who is close in his home or workplace, and our beloved Messenger, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, is the most honorable role model in dealing with the neighbour, as the prophetic hadiths that shed light on the relationships that bring together neighbors seem to link faith with honoring the neighbour, and set for him rights that guarantee the survival of the neighbour. Love and familiarity between neighbors, including:
- Visiting the neighbor, not cutting him off, sharing his sorrows and joys, and supporting him financially or morally.
- Giving the neighbor gifts that express love and affection, even if they are simple.
- Visiting the neighbor when he is sick or tired according to the teachings of Islam to visit the sick.
- Tolerating harm from the neighbor and forgiving him without repaying the offense with abuse.
- The right of pre-emption is to first ask your neighbor if you want to sell your house if he wants to buy it, and it is not permissible to sell it to a stranger before your neighbor.
Rights of relatives and neighbors