The reason for the name Dhul-Qarnayn

The commentators differed in explaining the reason for calling Dhul-Qarnayn by this name, and many reasons were mentioned, but not all of them contained clear and valuable indications to confirm this, and therefore the real reason remains in the pages of the knowledge of the unseen, as some said that the reason is the presence of two braids in his hair, And the braid is called a horn, and others said that it has two horns under its turban, while some believe that the reason is that it reached the horn of the sun from its west, and its horn from the east in its control, so it was called Dhul-Qarnayn.[1]It has been said that there are four who possess the whole earth: the infidels Nimrud and Bakhtnasir, and the two believers, the Prophet Solomon and Dhul-Qarnayn.[2]

The nature and character of Dhul-Qarnayn

What is established in the matter of Dhul-Qarnayn is what was mentioned in the Qur’an with praise and a statement of his justice, after he controlled the provinces with his authority supported by God, so he reached the east and the west of the earth. Others say that he is one of the angels, but it is most likely that he was a just king, and it was also mentioned that Al-Khidr, peace be upon him, was his minister.[3]While many sayings have been said about him, including that he is the Greek Alexander, and the evidence is that his king reached the east and the west, and the far north in which the dam was built, where the people of Gog and Magog, who are of the Turks, lived. And it was said that he is King Cyrus the Great, one of the kings of Persia, but there is no convincing result in the character of Dhul-Qarnayn, so the opinion remains that he is a righteous man who was empowered by God on earth, and gave him knowledge and wisdom.[4]

Dhul-Qarnayn and the construction of the dam

God mentioned Dhul-Qarnayn’s construction of the dam in some detail, which curbed the imagination of some commentators, as a weak people from Dhul-Qarnayn asked to build a dam that would protect them from the people of Gog and Magog, so he set up the bridging between the two mountains, and smelted iron with fire in the rubble, then ordered to pour molten copper over the dam. Iron, so iron catches copper in the backfill, so the building is impervious, and it should be noted that the building was not made of pure iron, rather it was the main element along with stone and dirt. However, the last thing to say is that He who created the universe is capable of everything.[5]

the reviewer

  1. ↑ “The reason for calling (Dhul-Qarnayn) by this name”,, 1-2-2 2002, accessed on 10-3-2018. act.
  2. ↑ Ibn Manzur (1984), A Brief History of Damascus (first edition), Damascus: Dar Al-Fikr, p. 215, Part 8. Adapted.
  3. ↑ Ibn Katheer (1988), The Beginning and the End (first edition), Beirut: House of Revival of Arab Heritage, p. 122, Part 2. Adapted.
  4. ↑ Sameh Muhammad Al-Balah (3-10-2013), “And they ask you about Dhul-Qarnayn (2)”,, accessed on 10-3-2018. act.
  5. ↑ Abd al-Karim Yunus al-Khatib, The Qur’anic Interpretation of the Qur’an, Cairo: Dar al-Fikr al-Arabi, p. 708-709, part 8. Adapted.

The reason for calling Dhul-Qarnayn by this name

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-22 07:00:02