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Tuesday June 23, 2020

The queens of Europe in the Middle Ages

The Middle Ages in Europe are considered to be one of the epochs that have attracted the attention of historians, and they have acquired a great position among writers and authors throughout history. It is an era that started from the fall of the ancient Roman Empire and continued until the Renaissance, that is, it lasted for 10 centuries, and this makes it A period full of events and influential personalities.

Despite the chaos experienced by the peoples of the world, especially the people of Europe, in that era. However, with the passage of centuries, Europe transformed this chaos into a revival, and this was noticeably evident when the issue of women rose, and European women became dominant and controlling queens. The names of the queens of Europe in the Middle Ages are still echoing to this day.

The most famous queens of Europe in the Middle Ages

The queens of Europe in the Middle Ages gained wide fame in the world, they shared their husbands rule, and set an example for the women of the whole world.

Queen Bertha

Queen Bertha was one of the famous queens in Europe, due to her main role in promoting Christianity in England, as being the daughter of the Christian King Charbert I something that increased her confidence, while her marriage to the pagan king, Eilbert known for courage and strength, increased her courage and made her more able to influence the world, Queen Bertha strengthened the early missionary work of Christian missions in England.

Queen Edjevo

Queen Edjyvo managed to obtain many prohibited powers during the Middle Ages, and that came after her marriage to King Edward the Great at the age of twenty, which made her more influential in Europe, as she participated strongly in the monastic reform movement that sponsored prominent church men in the Middle Ages.

Queen Matilda

One of the prominent names of Scotland’s ancient history, as it is famous for spreading justice in the country and charitable work for the people of the country, despite her aunt’s keenness to make Matilda a nun; However, she was not interested in the matter as much as she was about justice, which made her a role model during the Middle Ages.

Queen Eleanor

Queen Eleanor was one of the most famous queens of Europe during the Middle Ages, she married King Louis VII and separated from him for incompatibility, and after weeks she married King Henry who became King of England in 1154, and she had 8 children from him, but soon a divorce was made for incompatibility, and after Years Eleanor revolted against the King which led her to 16 years in prison, after which Eleanor returned to govern England on behalf of her son Richard.

Queen Philippa

Of the queens of Europe who inspired the world, Philipa became a role model after she was able to support her husband, the English King Edward III, by accompanying him with all his campaigns, as Philipa was distinguished by a compassionate heart that lends a helping hand to the prisoners with military campaigns, and on the cultural side, Queen Philipa was founded Queens College Oxford.

Queen Elizabeth I of England

Talking of the most famous queens of Europe in the Middle Ages will not be free of this queen, she is the English queen who ruled the country between the years 1558 and 1603, after the announcement of her mother’s execution, Elizabeth was subjected to many interrogations to make her an heir to the illegitimate rule, while after the death of Henry VIII without Heir Queen Elizabeth I was declared Queen of the Country, to achieve many achievements, most notably the victory over the Spanish fleet in 1587.

Queen Anne

Queen Anne enjoyed great prestige in medieval history in Europe, as she presided over the period of victories of the Duke of Marlboro.

Queen Caroline

This queen was one of the most influential queens during the Middle Ages, as Queen Caroline enjoyed high intelligence, making her able to lead the country in the absence of her husband.

The Italian Queen Adelaide

Adelaide was considered the Holy Queen in the Roman Empire, as she was the wife of the great King Otto, she was distinguished by strength and generosity, as well as her prominent role in many charitable works.

Queen Maria

Queen Maria was a queen of Erguan from 1416 to 1458, as she enjoyed intelligence, acumen and good behavior, and was acting in the absence of her husband King Alfonso V brilliantly, due to his frequent exit in the military campaigns, as Queen Maria was able to spread peace between Arguan and the neighboring Spanish kingdoms. [1]

The power of European queens in the Middle Ages

In the Middle Ages, queens enjoyed an influential position, although they did not directly possess the reins of government; However, the woman in the royal family enjoyed a pivotal role as a mother, wife and daughter. The queens greatly influenced the rule in Europe, and the woman was able to obtain custody in the absence of the husband, which made her able to run the affairs of the country, which means that the woman had power and influence Just like a man, but indirectly.

It is worth noting that the medieval queens enjoyed a prominent role in spreading culture and preaching Christianity, and this was clearly demonstrated during the reign of Queen Bertha, who promoted Christianity in England, and the power of the medieval queens in achieving progress and prosperity, and this was clearly demonstrated in the shadow of The reign of Queen Elizabeth I, whose era witnessed many scientific victories and discoveries. [2]

The position of women in the Middle Ages in Europe

The queens of the Middle Ages in Europe enjoyed an influential position, as we mentioned that women did not rule directly in a few exceptions, for religion and the aristocratic system ruled over women to remain in this role for several centuries, while with the passage of time and the outbreak of the Black Death pandemic in Europe; Women were able to obtain rights they would not have acquired before, as women were allowed to take ownership of the work of their husbands who had died as a result of the pandemic.

As for women from the lower castes of society; They had equal status for males, as life was difficult for both, as women worked side by side with men in various works that were available at the time, such as collecting crops, and looking at the position of women in the beginning of the Middle Ages and with the advent of the Renaissance, we will find that women She managed to gain many rights, and the position of females became almost equal to that of males. [3]

Tricks of European women in the Middle Ages

The women of the Middle Ages made a set of tricks that you may now see as just nonsense. For example, in the Middle Ages, the possibility of identifying the name of the future husband was promoted, by extending the thread that the woman woven that day at the door, and the first man passed through the thread He bears the same name as this woman’s future husband.

As for the ploy to prevent the husband from treachery, it was one of the tricks that lasted for centuries. Women used to pray upon him through a mass that lasts for three days. This method was the most common in Europe following the example of Parisian women.

As for how the husband fell in love and made him passionate about his wife’s love, medieval women believed that placing the leaves of the walnut tree on a mid-summer night inside his left shoe; He would make him orphaned and passionate about his wife’s love, as women were doing it with complete conviction of the success of this trick to restore the husband’s love again.

And in terms of maintaining the permanence of love, the husbands provided pins with big heads to their wives, those pins they believed would preserve love for life. [4]

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