The number of Umayyad caliphs

The number of the Umayyad caliphs reached fourteen, they are: Muawiyah bin Abi Sufyan, Yazid bin Muawiyah bin Abi Sufyan, Muawiyah bin Yazid bin Muawiyah bin Abi Sufyan, Marwan bin Al-Hakam bin Abi Al-Aas bin Umayya, Abdul Malik bin Marwan bin Al-Hakam, and Al-Walid bin Abd King bin Marwan bin Al Hakam, Suleiman bin Abdul Malik bin Marwan bin Al Hakam, Omar bin Abdul Aziz bin Marwan bin Al Hakam, Yazid bin Abdul Malik bin Marwan bin Al Hakam, Hisham bin Abdul Malik bin Marwan bin Al Hakam, Al Waleed bin Yazid bin Abdul Malik bin Marwan bin Al-Hakam, Yazid bin Al-Walid bin Abdul Malik bin Marwan, Ibrahim bin Al-Waleed bin Abdul Malik bin Marwan, and Marwan bin Muhammad bin Marwan bin Al-Hakam.[1]

The founder of the Umayyad dynasty

Muawiyah bin Abi Sufyan bin Harb is considered the founder of the Umayyad state, and he is from the Umayyad tribe of the chiefs of the Quraish tribe. He was born in Mecca and embraced Islam on the day of the conquest of Mecca when he was twenty-three years old. On the authority of Abu Bakr, Othman, Umar and other companions, and he was appointed as the ruler of the Levant during the era of Caliph Omar Ibn Al-Khattab, and he was pledged as a caliph to the Muslims in 661 AD in Kufa, and during his reign many countries were opened, as the countries of Sindh and the island of Rhodes were opened, and in the year 668 AD he prepared an army to conquer Constantinople By land and by sea, his campaign failed, and in the year 670 AD, the Caliph Muawiyah sent ten thousand soldiers to Uqbah bin Nafie, who entered Africa with them, conquered it, and many Berbers embraced Islam at his hand. He adopted the principle of heredity in government when he assigned the mandate to his son Yazid, and he died in the year 680 AD.[2]

The last Umayyad caliph

Caliph Marwan II is considered the last Umayyad caliph, ruling from 744 AD to 750 AD, and was defeated in the Great Battle of the Zab in 750 AD, and at that time members of the Umayyad House were pursued and killed, but Abd al-Rahman, one of the survivors, fled and appointed himself in 756 AD as a Muslim ruler in Spain, where he established Umayyad dynasty in Cordoba.[3]

the reviewer

  1. ↑ Al-Saeed Shawil (19-4-2015), “The caliphs of the Umayyad state in brief”, www.majles.alukah.net, accessed on 8-30-2018. act.
  2. ↑ “An introduction to the founder of the Umayyad state, Muawiyah bin Abi Sufyan”, www.ksag.com, accessed on 8/13/2018. act.
  3. ↑ Asma Afsaruddin, “Umayyad dynasty”, www.britannica.com, Retrieved 8-13-2018. Edited.

The number of Umayyad caliphs

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-18 19:48:01