Many ancient civilizations appeared in many regions of the ancient world, and the star of some civilizations that still until now amazes the world with its sophistication, including the ancient Egyptian civilization, Chinese and Greek civilization, and civilizations that originated between the two rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, flourished. The two rivers are the strongest and most important ancient civilizations, the most famous of which are Akkad, Babylon and Assyria.
If we look at the map of the ancient world, we will find some civilizations that have appeared and disappeared, and others have appeared with the continents of the world, where the Asian civilization and the civilization of Mesopotamia appeared among the oldest civilizations in the world.
The ancient Egyptian civilization appeared in Africa, and Greek and Greek civilization appeared in Europe, and many civilizations appeared in Mesopotamia, the most famous of which is the Sumerian kingdom and it is one of the kingdoms of Mesopotamia.
This kingdom established a great civilization and its lands extended until it reached Dilmun Island, which is currently Bahrain, and it is considered one of the oldest civilizations.
Among the most famous civilizations is also the Babylonian Kingdom, which is one of the most powerful kingdoms that emerged, after which the Assyrian Kingdom comes, and they are people who migrated from the Arabian Peninsula and also settled in Iraq.
Achievements of Mesopotamia
Many civilizations arose in Mesopotamia, and there are many achievements for these powerful civilizations that arose in this place, including:
Establishing the strongest states that ruled a legacy monarchy in the cities of Mesopotamia, these civilizations had an organized system of governance that expresses these organized and high-end civilizations at this time, as the king who governs the country was blocked by the help of a number of employees who chose them Each one according to his specialization.
Society also had a method of division, which is of classes: the ruling class, the free class, and the slave class.
There are many accomplishments that the people of Mesopotamia added as they were proficient in arithmetic, engineering, and trigonometry, and this is what we see clearly in the way they built zigguras, zodiacs, and temples, and they used brick (brick) in the construction.
– The people of Mesopotamia also contributed to law and legislation, as they established the first laws and legislation in the world as we see in the famous Hammurabi obelisk that contained some civil and criminal legislation and legislation in personal status.
They contributed to finding their own calendar, and it is one of the oldest calendars in the world, where they divided the year into months, days and hours, and they divided the year into summer and winter seasons.
Contributed to many inventions, the most important of which is the wheel.
Contributed to the field of medicine, where they excelled in medical science and diagnostics.
Contribute to astronomy and geography, learn about many planets, the colors of these planets and the distances that separate them, in addition to their discovery of the phenomenon of eclipses and eclipses.
Contribute to the invention of weights, lengths and measures.
The inhabitants of Mesopotamia contributed to the most important invention in mankind, which is writing. For the first time in history, they were able to use writing and used cuneiform and were writing it on clay tablets with a special pen.
Leave the inhabitants of Mesopotamia a rich literary heritage, such as legendary stories, epics, literature and governance, such as the famous epic of Gilgamesh.
– The people of Mesopotamia contributed to agriculture and established irrigation canals, and added a lot to agriculture, and they were producing an abundance of agricultural production because of the Tigris and Euphrates, and they created one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.