The city of Tata is located at a distance of 200 km from the city of Taroudant, and it is an important tourist destination in southern Morocco, surrounded by a huge oasis of palm trees, fed by rivers, valleys and wonderful waterfalls, also Tata is famous for many palaces and traditional Berber houses, witnessing its archaeological heritage Rich on a Berber civilization that has spread in Morocco and Africa for centuries, and the remains from the ancient Stone Age are an invaluable legacy of the city, so we can learn from this article about some important historical sites in the city.
Location and geography of the city of Tata
The origin of the city’s name “Tata” is due to some residents due to its distinguished geographical location, and they initially said about it “eta” in the sense of patience, so that the word changed after that to “tata”, as it was known historically as “asif n wilt” meaning “” Nuba Valley ”.
With a population of 181611 people, between Arabs, black Africans, and Berbers, and extending over an area of 25,925 square kilometers, the updated Tata region is distinguished on July 19, 1977, with its unique geographical location on a strategic tourist hub that runs through deserts and oases, there is Tata in the south The eastern part of the Kingdom is within the territorial influence of the region of GuelmimSmara, as it is bordered by the provinces of Tiznit and Taroudant in the northwest, and the AlgerianMoroccan borders in the south, and the regions of Guelmim and Asa -Zak in the southwest, and the territory of Ouarzazate and Zakoura in the northeastern borders, and Tata is 330 km away from the city of Agadir. Away from the city of Ouarzazate by about 300 km, it is distinguished by its picturesque natural and urban qualifications, which gives the region excellent tourism qualifications and this desert region is available on hundreds of oases that are greatly admired by foreign tourists coming to Morocco, and the region’s location is a transit point from which the most important tourist trails branch Major in the neighboring provinces.
The city is full of cultural, artistic and historical heritage and a unique traditional industry that deserves attention, so that we can get acquainted with the most prominent historical and natural monuments in Tata.
Historical monuments in the city of Tata
The city has a rich archaeological balance, and it is considered one of the oldest centers of human construction in Morocco in which people have settled for centuries, and this is confirmed by rock inscriptions and stone tools found in the city to this day, as Tata was one of the main axes of the ancient desert trade and has been undertaking This role extends to the borders of the nineteenth century AD, as it is characterized by many angles and multiple ancient schools in which the scientific movement flourished in the past, where it published the teachings of Islam and the sciences of the Qur’an, Sunnah, jurisprudence and literature and students from all directions go to it. And Sidi Ali Bujubairah in the Umm -Kordan community, the ancient school of Tmutk near the shrine of Sidi Daniel, which is considered one of the important shrines for the residents of the region, and statements have contradicted it.
The city has an important number of prehistoric archaeological sites, where significant quantities of stone tools belonging to the ancient Stone Age were found, such as knives or spears, arrows, rock carvings and inhabited caves.
Among the characteristics of the city are also the ancient architectural style, cultural heritage, and historical witnessed by important historical stages that passed through Tata, such as silos whose ruins are still tall in Aqa, and Jewish neighborhoods in Aqa as well and Tazart and houses such as the House of Haji Burhim Betsent, known as the House of Charles Dufoko monk and priest The French Catholic, famous for its architectural heritage and beautiful inscriptions, and the Tadacoste of Tmnart, in addition to the seasons and shrines shrines such as the shrine of our master Daniel Bettkmout, which we mentioned earlier.
Tata also enjoys the spread of fortresses in the form of castles with towers, consisting of several layers containing a group of rooms that were used to store grain, jewelry, jewelry and valuables, as they were used for defensive purposes to protect the population from any attack, in addition to the palaces and reeds that were considered Also, the defensive forms used during the wars between the tribes, the most important of which are the ‘Kasbah of the Sultan’, the historical castle in the area and is located on the right bank of the Tata Valley in the front facing the Titi roundabout, south of the city of Tata, and the Kasbah of -Jabayer located in the village of -Jabayer, 20 kilometers from the city Which dates back to the construction of the seventeenth century AD at the hands of Sidi Ali bin Ahmed.
There are also two ancient silos in the city, which are the nomadic silo in the middle of the traveler’s roundabout mosque, “Erhalin”, in the group of Sidi Abdullah bin Mubarak. Its design and construction are similar to the alManara silhouette in Marrakesh, and the date of its construction is attributed to the Almohad or Saadiyya period, while the kasbah silo is called the fortress of the Sheikh of the tribe, It is located in the rotor of the Kasbah of Sidi Abdullah bin Mubarak, and its design is very similar to the Hassan silo in Rabat.
There are also several sites for rock paintings, about 130 sites that date to a deep human past, especially the sites of Ticent, Mouth of the Fort, Tekan, the Tamanart Community, Umm alAlaq, Baqa and other regions, where they extend the length of Mount Bani and the sides of the Daraa River, which are rocky pools of various shapes bearing Drawings or engravings made by a prehistoric person with sharp tools made of stones, in a historical period that may date back to 5000 BC, among these drawings are various animals such as elephants, giraffes, ox, rhinoceros, and gazelle. These inscriptions suggest what the region had forests in the prehistoric period, and the archaeological site of Tonzwin is among the most important sites in North Africa and deserves a visit by amateurs of historical places rich in cultural heritage, and it is visited throughout the year by many tourists and experts.
The historical city of Thamdult
One of the most important historical monuments, which witnessed the rule of four successive countries over the rule of Morocco, they are the Idris, Almoravids, Almohads, and Merinids, it was established in the ninth century AD by Abdullah bin Drees, and it was a station The commercial link between Morocco and Africa, and the most important mining center for the presence of zinc, copper, and silver, as its walls and towers were like a fortress and a military observation center, and it is said that they were vandalized by the Marinids during the first half of the fourteenth century AD, while there are those who confirm that the city was destroyed During the internal conflicts between the inhabitants of the region and others repeat that Muhammad Ali Ali Amansak refused any submission to the Almoravids and ordered the destruction of the city, and many clues indicate that Thamdult began to lose its importance after the founding of the city of Acre. In the sixth / thirteenth century and thus lost its luster and disappeared from the historical records and now there are only remains of ruins, and yet many Moroccans and even foreign tourists visit it, as the Isafen region of the Tata region is replete with a great historical and cultural heritage, and there is a large On a group of important archaeological sites such as palaces, schools, forts, etc.
Natural qualifications in the city of Tata
Its oases and majestic palaces from ancient times and its presence at the crossroads of rivers make it one of the distinct areas in Morocco, where it has a mountainous and desert geographical area that gives great pleasure to adventure and exploration lovers, its vegetation cover mostly from the steppes, thorn bushes and semidesert trees such as Sidra and palm trees, and its semidesert climate Continental dry, it is known to have a high temperature during the summer, and may reach 45 degrees Celsius, while decreasing in the winter.
In addition to its rich water resources, whether surface or subterranean, and the wonderful waterfalls and valleys found in Tissent, for example, “the ancient waterfall” and “Wadi alMaleh” and Magmaima and Akoliz Tata, surrounded by mountains and penetrated by a valley called “Assif Nokinan”, and there is a zigzag in which the inhabitants of Tata and the neighboring cities flock to recuperate and treat some skin diseases.
All these beautiful historical and natural qualifications made tourists flock to them in a large and permanent way, as it abounds in Tata with a group of famous folk dances in Morocco, including what is desert and what is Amazigh, such as the dance of Ahwash, Hassani and Kadra, and others.
Festivals and seasons of Tata
The region is famous for its economic and artistic seasons and festivals that are organized throughout the year, such as the season of Sidi Abdullah bin Mubarak Baqa, the season of the guardian Muhammad bin Yaqoub by Ami Natalat, the Muhand bin Ibrahim -Tamanarti season, the tribe of the Burrakak and the Edutainst season with a ship. As for the most important festivals in the city, it is the Oasis Festival for the Arts of Ahwash at Ait Wabli and the Kasbah Festival Sidi Abdullah bin Mubarak Baqa, as the city is known as the ‘Silver Festival’ where an exhibition of jewelry and silver ornaments is organized, including historical pieces that were made decades ago. Events The skill of traditional makers in the city, and the Waha Cinema Festival is organized for the cultural and artistic event that defines the attendance of a group of wellknown artistic faces in the field of cinema and television in Morocco, and the regional exhibition of fictional products that the Tata region is known for is a popular mite destination, such as dates, saffron, corners and honey. Bees, this exhibition is organized by the Regional Directorate of Agriculture, Potato, and knows the great participation of the elected and interested in the agricultural sector.