Hernia is a common health problem, represented by the protrusion of a part of the body through the surrounding muscle or tissue layer, and although hernias are more common in the abdominal area, hernias can occur in multiple places in the body. Some types of hernias disappear when lying down, and appear more clearly when coughing, and it is worth noting that the hernia does not go away on its own, and although many types of hernia do not cause pain or discomfort, but leaving them untreated may lead to the occurrence of some health complications. Serious cases, and some cases may need to do surgery to correct the location of the hernia.[١][٢]

The mechanism of hernia development

The hernia develops as a result of a number of different factors, the most important of which is muscle weakness, increased effort or pressure on a specific area of ​​the body. According to these factors, the hernia may develop within a short period of time, or over a long period of time, and among the factors that may increase muscle weakness; Damage to a part of the muscle as a result of an injury or surgery, chronic cough, and advanced age, or it may be the result of a congenital deformity that leads to the fetus not closing the abdominal wall completely while it is in its mother’s womb, and the following is a statement of some of the factors that It may lead to a hernia as a result of the increased effort applied to the body, especially if it is accompanied by muscle weakness:[٢]

  • Carrying heavy weights.
  • Constipation.
  • Sudden increase in body weight.
  • Ascites, or fluid accumulation in the abdomen.
  • Chronic sneezing or coughing.
  • Increased pressure on the abdominal area as a result of pregnancy in women.

types of hernia

There are many different types of hernias, which may occur in many places in the body, and the following is a description of some types of hernias:[٢][٣]

  • Inguinal hernia: It is also called an inguinal hernia, and it is one of the most common types of hernias. It constitutes approximately 70% of all types of hernias, and this type of hernia appears in the groin or upper thigh, and occurs as a result of the exit of part of the fatty tissue or intestine through the inguinal canal or through one of the lower abdomen areas, This type of hernia affects men at a higher rate than women, especially when they are old, or the abdominal area is repeatedly stressed.
  • Femoral hernias: This type of hernia is very similar to an inguinal hernia, but in this case a part of the intestine or fatty tissue comes out from the top of the inner region of the thigh, and unlike an inguinal hernia, this type of hernia is more common in women .
  • Hiatal hernia: This type of hernia occurs as a result of the exit of part of the stomach through the diaphragm, which is a muscular organ that separates the chest area from the abdominal area, and helps to carry out the normal breathing process, and the cause of this type of infection From hernias to weakness of the diaphragm muscles as a result of increased pressure in the abdominal area, or due to the presence of a congenital deformity, and the infection of this type of hernia is more common in people over the age of 50 years, and often causes gastroesophageal reflux, which It leads to a feeling of heartburn.
  • Umbilical hernia: Although this type of hernia can affect people of all age groups, most cases appear in newborns, and it occurs as a result of the exit of part of the intestine or fatty tissue through the abdominal wall in the surrounding area In the navel as a result of not closing completely after birth, as for adults, it occurs as a result of exposure to pressure and effort in this area, and unlike other types of other hernias, the umbilical hernia that affects newborns is the only hernia that disappears in most cases within a period not exceeding a year from On its own without the need for treatment, but if the child is more than a year old and the hernia does not go away, it is worth seeing a doctor, and this type of hernia is often noticed while the child cries.
  • Incisional hernia: This type of hernia occurs in the abdomen, specifically in the area of ​​​​the scar resulting from an operation, or in the surrounding area as a result of the protrusion of part of the intestine due to the weakness of the tissue in this area.
  • Muscle hernia: This type of hernia may lead to part of the muscle coming out through the tissue in the abdominal or leg area as a result of an injury during a type of exercise.
  • Epigastric hernias: It is a hernia that occurs as a result of a portion of the fatty tissue in the abdomen coming out from the area between the navel and the sternum.

Hernia symptoms

  • Notice a clear bulge or bulge in the hernia area, especially while standing, bending or coughing.
  • Pain or discomfort in the area affected by the hernia.
  • Feeling of heaviness or pressure in the area affected by the hernia.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ Markus MacGill (11-13-2017), “Types and treatments for hernia”, www.medicalnewstoday.com, Retrieved 25-7-2018. Edited.
  2. ^ a b c Carmella Wint, Valencia Higuera, “Hernia”, www.healthline.com, Retrieved 7-25-2018. Edited.
  3. ↑ “Hernia”, www.nhs.uk, Retrieved 25-7-2018. Edited.

hernia development mechanism

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-19 18:51:01