family in islam

Before the advent of Islam, the family was based on injustice and abuse, and the whole matter was for men only, as for women, they have no right in anything, and the families of the West are also today broken and disintegrated, the family they have is dilapidated and worn out, parents cannot judge their children, neither by thought, nor by morals Nor in anyone else, the son when captivity of the West can do whatever he wants and how he wants, and the daughter can go out with anyone she wants, and go anywhere she likes, all in the name of freedom and rights, the result was that families from the West suffer from a great disintegration Children are born out of wedlock, and fathers and mothers cannot find anyone to take care of them or treat them well. As for Islam, it views the family as the first building block of society, so it must be solid and cohesive; So that the whole of society would be like that, so Islam has begun to strengthen and support that building block, so it came with principles and laws that achieve and preserve this, and Islam obligated the society to abide by and implement those laws.[1][2]

Islam set out in its legislation conducive to preserving the family and the relationship between spouses, and was keen to be the strongest possible, making marriage a social and religious institution, aimed at achieving common interests between spouses, and each spouse enjoys the fruits of affection and mercy, and they are able to satisfy their innate desires in a dignified manner. , as they satisfy their parental instincts; By giving birth to children, the family is the natural and necessary environment for the existence of children, and in the family the healthy, physical, intellectual, and mental development of children is completed in a sound manner. Islam was keen to establish the family from the first moment, on the principle of contentment, desire, and choice between spouses, then Islam took care of After that, the rights of the husband over his wife, and the rights of the wife over her husband, and just as Islam has taken care of treating any problems that may arise between them between them, and all of this aims to preserve the family and ensure its strength.[2]

stewardship

In language, it is said that a thing is qawwam. i.e. its pillar and its system, and guardianship is the establishment of an order. As for the terminology of the jurists, they mean one of three meanings: either the guardian of the minor, or the guardian of the endowment, or the guardian of the wife. To take care of his wife’s interests by managing and maintaining, and what is clear from the meaning of guardianship is that it is a duty on the husband, and it is an honor for the woman. God Almighty has enjoined the husband by virtue of guardianship, to take care of his wife with whom he was bound by a legal marriage contract, and the husband made it permissible to enjoy his wife with that heavy covenant as he described it God – the Most High – in the Noble Qur’an, where he said:[3] Thus, a woman is honored by placing her under someone who takes care of her affairs, considers her interests, defends her, and does everything that would make her happy and achieve her reassurance, and it appears from this that guardianship is not domination over a woman, nor is it a coercion of her personality as the enemies of Islam try to portray her.[4][5]

The origin of the legitimacy of the guardianship of a man over a woman in marriage is found in the Noble Qur’an and the honorable Sunnah of the Prophet. From the Noble Qur’an, God Almighty says:[6] The majority of Muslim scholars of interpreters and jurists have stated that the verse is the basis for the guardianship of a man over his wife. As for the honorable Sunnah of the Prophet, the Messenger of God – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – has many hadiths that command the wife to obey her husband, as long as this is within The limits of Sharia, and the limits of her ability and ability, including the saying of the Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him: (If a woman prays the five, fasts her month, protects her chastity, and obeys her husband, she is told: Enter Paradise from any of the gates of Paradise).[7][5]

Causes of stoops

Both men and women are equal in rights and duties, and that is one of the apparent beauties of Islam, God Almighty said, explaining this:[8] However, the reason why the man should be in charge of his wife and not the woman over her husband; Their difference is in two main matters, and the following is his statement:[9]

  • The man’s possession of bodily and congenital components. The man is full of character, moderate in emotion, in sound structure, and therefore he is preferred in strength and determination over women, and that is why prophecy, mission, grand imam, and judgement were all specific to men without women, as well as the establishment of rituals; From the call to prayer, the iqaamah, the jihad, the Friday prayer, and the like, and divorce was made in the hands of men, and they were singled out for witnessing in felonies and punishments.
  • The obligation of the man to provide for his wife and female relative, as well as the obligation of the man to dowry in order to marry a woman; as a token of her honour.

stewardship controls

God – the Most High – has made guardianship controls, so that some men do not take them as a motive to control and humiliate women, and the following is a statement of those controls:[5]

  • The man’s performance of his marital duties, including the following:
  • The justice and fairness of the man in the stewardship position entrusted to him, since it is a legal job that God – the Most High – made for the man, so he must observe the legal texts in its performance, so he is not unjust or tyrannical, but is just and fair, and takes into account the rights and duties of his wife.
  • performance of the dowry for the wife; It is the money that a woman must owe to a man at the time of marriage. Scholars have transmitted a consensus on the obligation of the dowry, and the dowry is an affirmation of the woman’s honor and status, and the man’s desire to be associated with her.
  • Spending on the wife, and the man is obligated to alimony as soon as the marriage contract, and the man is able to enjoy his wife, so the man is obligated to spend on her, and provide housing and clothing for her.
  • Cohabiting with the wife with kindness and kindness, and cohabitation is a general term that includes all aspects of life. What is required of the husband is to speak well with his wife, be polite with her, and not burden her with what she cannot bear, as well as to bear what his wife may sometimes take, such as turmoil and the like, and to beautify her, And enters pleasure to her heart, and other images of good cohabitation.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ “The Family’s Status in Islam”, www.islamqa.info, 6-26-2002, accessed on 9-30-2018. act.
  2. ^ AB Fathia Tawfiq (9-9-2013), “The Family in Islam”, www.alukah.net, accessed on 9-30-2018. act.
  3. ↑ Surah An-Nisa, Verse: 21.
  4. ↑ “Definition and meaning of guardianship in the comprehensive dictionary of meanings”, www.almaany.com, accessed on 9-30-2018. act.
  5. ^ a b t d. Muhammad bin Saad al-Muqrin, “Matrimonial guardianship.. its reasons, its controls, its requirements”, www.saaid.net, accessed on 9-30-2018. act.
  6. ↑ Surah An-Nisa, Verse: 34.
  7. ↑ Narrated by Al-Albani, in Sahih Al-Jami, on the authority of Abu Hurayrah, page or number: 660, authentic.
  8. ↑ Surat Al-Baqarah, Verse: 228.
  9. ↑ “A man’s guardianship over a woman: its concept and reason”, www.islamqa.info, 9-24-2017, accessed on 9-30-2018. act.

The meaning of stewardship

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-15 19:36:01