Charlie Chaplin

Charlie Chaplin is one of the silent film actors that preceded the talking cinema, best known for his character called the tramp. This character was the heroine of “Easy Street” and “Modern Times”.[1]

Charlie Chaplin’s birth

Chaplin was born in London, Britain on the sixteenth of April 1889, and grew up in an artistic family. His father, Spencer Chaplin, was an actor and singer for several musical colors, and his mother was an opera singer and actress under the stage name Lily Harley. At the age of ten, his father passed away, so he had to rely on himself to take care of his sick mother with his little brother, “Sydney”, using his artistic talent.[2]

The beginning of Charlie Chaplin’s career

Thanks to Chaplin’s mother’s acquaintances in the artistic community, her son was able to get his first opportunity in the art world in a rhythmic dance group called “The Eight Lancashire Lads”, and continued in it for a short period during which he obtained an amount of money, but it was not enough to cover his expenses, so he worked as a salesman Newspapers, printer, doll maker, physician assistant, and in the midst of all this he always made contacts with theatrical arts agencies, until he was able to participate in the Sherlock Holmes play as the character of the hotel servant boy, then participated with the itinerant vaudeville troupe, and in 1908 he joined the troupe Fred Karno, the pantomime for mime, became a star in their play “Night in an English Music Hall”, which impressed the film director “Mc Sennett”, who signed a contract with him for 150 dollars per week.[3]

Charlie the Tramp appears

Chaplin worked with Keystone Studios as an actor in small roles in many of their films and played with them and became famous thanks to the Tramp. Isanai Films, and represented many important films such as The Tramp, and with them, to a certain extent, gained more creative freedom in his films.[4]

Chaplin left the Esanai studio in 1916 and signed a contract with Studio Mutual and employed many people important to his career, such as the actor Henry Bergman, who played the role of the villain in his films, and his personal assistant, Tom Harrington, and in 1917 he built his own studio for his desire to produce films that he could put his vision Creative in all its production stages, and he signed a contract with First National Studio, and represented several films in it, such as A Dog’s Life.[4]

Notable works of Charlie Chaplin

baby movie

The Kid is a silent comedy-drama film directed, written and produced by Chaplin; It was released in 1921 with a length of 68 minutes, and was produced at the First National Film Studio. The film revolves around the tramp character; Who finds a child left by his mother as an infant, and raises him for several years, until the mother tries to retrieve her child, and the tramp and the child try to escape from her. In Hollywood, Chaplin nearly lost possession of the negative version of the film in a divorce case that ran into him.[5]

Paris Woman movie

The movie A Woman of Paris was produced in 1923, a dramatic film of Chaplin’s serious work, far from the funny tramp; Not without humour, old German and Swedish artistic expressions are used to highlight the stoicism of this work.[6]

mr verdu movie

Monsieur Verdoux is a satirical comedy with a murder script that Chaplin had to make twice; It was issued for the first time in April of 1947 in New York City and faced bad press criticism and poor ticket sales, and accordingly Chaplin and his associates decided to restructure the advertising campaign, and it was released again after 5 months in Washington, DC, and then the level of ticket sales improved and the film got On positive press reviews, he earned $162,000 by the end of that year.[7]

Lights movie

Limelight is a drama film, written, produced, and directed by Chaplin in 1952, and tells its story about the character of a clown played by Chaplin who drowned in deep sadness after he was famous in his previous days, saving the character of Terry, a young ballerina from the murder of herself, and with her accompaniment, he finds himself eager to return to the world of show, and she, in turn, recovers from her depression by accompanying him to become a famous dancer, and his life ends after his performance, which he decided to return to the world of show.[8]

Charlie Chaplin’s wives

Chaplin married four women in his lifetime:[9]

  • Mildred Harris: Chaplin married her in 1918, and she was his first wife, and his marriage to her only lasted two years.
  • Lita Gray: He married her in 1924 and had two sons with her, Charles Chaplin Jr. and Sydney Earl, where she acted with him in his movie The Child as an Angel, and also acted as a heroine in his movie The Gold Rush, but their marriage did not last long; Where they separated in 1927.
  • Paulette Goddard: He married her in 1936, she starred with him in the movie Modern Times and The Great Dictator, and they separated in 1942.
  • Una O’Neill: He married her in 1943 at the age of 53 and she was 18, and they met in the production of an unmade movie called Shadow and Substance in 1942, and they settled in Switzerland after a judicial ordeal that led to his exile outside the United States in 1952 AD, and they had eight children.

The last years of Charlie Chaplin

Chaplin returned to the United States in 1972 after a 20-year exile; To receive the achievement Academy Award, and they restored his name to Celebrity Street in Los Angeles, in addition to receiving the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival, and in 1974 he published his book My Life in Pictures. My Life in Pictures), and he was crowned a knight by Queen Elizabeth II to become “Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin” in 1975, and Chaplin died in 1977 at the age of 88.[4]

the reviewer

  1. ↑ Kevin Brownlow, David Gill (28-8-2006), “The Unknown Chaplin”, www.pbs.org, Retrieved 3-11-2019. Edited.
  2. ↑ The Chaplin Office (2018), “Charlie Chaplin: Overview of His Life”, www.charliechaplin.com, Retrieved 4-11-2019. Edited.
  3. ↑ Biography.com Editors (26-6-2019), “Charlie Chaplin Biography”, www.biography.com, Retrieved 4-11-2019. Edited.
  4. ^ a b t Ahmed M. Moustafa (2019), “Biography: Charlie Chaplin”, www.academia.edu, Retrieved 11-4-2019. Edited.
  5. ↑ Lee Pfeiffer (28-6-2019), “The Kid film by Chaplin”, www.britannica.com, Retrieved 6-11-2019. Edited.
  6. ↑ Charles Silver (1989), Charles Chaplin, an appreciation. Charles Chap, New York: The Museum of Modern Art, page 15. Edited.
  7. ↑ Charles Maland (1988), The Strange Case of “Monsieur Verdoux”: Comedy, Ideology, and the Dynamics of Reception, New York: Allegheny College, Page 45, Part 13. Edited.
  8. ↑ Lee Pfeiffer (2-9-2010), “Limelight”, www.britannica.com, Retrieved 11-20-2019. Edited.
  9. ↑ The Chaplin Office (2018), “Charlie Chaplin’s Wives”, www.charliechaplin.com, Retrieved 5-11-2019.Edited.

The life of Charlie Chaplin