The Sahara Desert is the largest sand desert in the world

The Sahara is the third largest desert in the world after the Arctic and Antarctic deserts, and the largest sandy or hot desert in the world, with an area of ​​about 9.1 square kilometers, and it covers most of the land in northern Africa, except for the fertile part of the State of Morocco, and the Atlas Mountains The coastal areas of the Mediterranean Sea, and most of this desert consists of Hamada rocks.[1]

The geographical location of the Sahara

The Sahara desert extends over 4,800 km from east to west, and from 1,287 to 1,931 km from north to south, and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlas Mountains to the north, and the Red Sea to the east of it, and the Sahel region to the south of it, which is It is a semi-arid transitional zone between the Sahara desert to the north and the wet savannah belt to the south.[2]

General information about the Sahara

General information about the Sahara Desert is as follows:[3]

  • The summit of Mount Koussi of the Tibesti mountain range in Chad is the highest point in the Sahara Desert with a height of 3,415 m, and the Qattara Depression in Egypt is the lowest point with a height of 133 below sea level.[2]
  • The Sahara desert covers parts of many African countries; They are: Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Mali, Libya, Morocco, Nigeria, Tunisia, Sudan and Mauritania.
  • Most of the terrain in the Sahara was formed by winds over time, and it includes sand dunes that make up about 25% of its territory, some of which may reach about 150 m in length, in addition to sandy seas, stones, dry valleys, gravel plains, plateaus, and salt flats. .
  • The Nile River is the only permanent river in the Sahara, while most of the water in it is formed from intermittent or seasonal streams.
  • The average annual temperature in it is about 30 degrees Celsius, and during the hot months, temperatures can exceed 50 degrees Celsius, and the highest temperature recorded reached about 58 degrees Celsius in Al-Aziziyah in the State of Libya.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ James Burton (5-7-2018), “The 10 Largest Deserts In The World”,, Retrieved 18-1-2019. Edited.
  2. ^ AP Ronald Francis Peel, Jeffrey Allman Gritzner (13-12-2018), “Sahara”,, Retrieved 18-1-2019. Edited.
  3. ↑ Amanda Briney (3-9-2018), “Learn About the Sahara Desert”,, Retrieved 18-1-2019. Edited.

The largest sand desert in the world

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-13 16:54:01