The largest country in the world

Russia, or what is known as the Russian Federation, is located in northern Eurasia, its capital is Moscow and is the largest country in the world in terms of area, with an area of ​​about 17,070,949 square kilometers, bordered by 14 countries that include Norway, Estonia, Latvia, Kazakhstan, Poland, Belarus, or as it is called Name Belarus, Azerbaijan, China, Ukraine, Finland, Mongolia, Lithuania, North Korea and Georgia.[1][2]

Russia consists of more than 1,000 major cities, as it contains 16 metropolitan cities with a population of more than one million people. As for the rest of the cities, they are Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, and Nizhny Novgorod.[3]

Population of Russia

Russia has a population of about 138,082,178 people.[3] Russia is ranked sixth in the world in terms of population. It is worth noting that it witnessed a decrease in its population when the Soviet Union collapsed, and this can be due to the difficult economic conditions that the country experienced, especially during the nineties, which affected the population in terms of a low birth rate, in addition to the increase in immigration outside the country.[4]

Russia consists of at least 60 different and recognized ethnic groups in the country, and the vast majority of the population is from Russians with 80%, Ukrainians constitute 2%, linguistic and ethnic groups such as Tatars constitute 4%, in addition to other groups in small proportions such as Bashkirs , Chuvash, Komi, Komi-Permyks, Udmurts, Mari, Mordovians, Jews, Germans, Armenians, as well as many other groups in the North and in the Caucasus.[4]

Religions differ in Russia due to different ethnicities, as most of the ethnicities, who make up approximately 70% of the population, are Russian Orthodox, which is one of the Christian sects, while the proportion of Muslim Turks is approximately 5-14%, as for the Mongols who They are stationed in the east of the country, they follow the Buddhist religion.[5]

The official language in Russia is Russian, where the Cyrillic alphabet is used, but in addition to it, there are about 100 languages ​​spoken throughout Russia, and it is worth noting that Russian is one of the official languages ​​of the United Nations. The largest linguistic minorities are Tatars and Ukrainians.[5]

History of Russia

Russia was occupied throughout history by the Mongols for several centuries, as the Russian tribes belonged to the Slavic tribes, and then the Scandinavian peoples merged with the Slavs, and in the middle of the twelfth century the Mongols occupied it until the cities of Moscow, Tver and Nizhny Novgorod began to fight against the Mongols for power, where The collapse of the Mongols began in the middle of the fourteenth century, and after the complete collapse the leadership of Moscow expanded abroad.[6]

At the outbreak of the First World War in the early twentieth century, Russia entered the war in defense of Serbia, which had severe effects on Russia that paralyzed its movement, as it suffered from a lack of food, fuel, and accumulated losses, in addition to the high rate of inflation.[6]

The Russian Republic was established after the Russian Revolution in 1917, and in 1922 Russia became a federal republic. After World War II, Russia was playing a major role in international affairs, and in 1991, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia joined other Soviet republics to form the Alliance of Independent States.[7]

In the mid and late 1990s, Russia took several measures to strengthen its relationship with some of the former Soviet republics. Several agreements were signed with the aim of achieving tripartite economic, military, and political integration with Belarus. The two countries also signed an agreement to strengthen relations with Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, and later on, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan joined the group that was called the Eurasian Economic Community, since 2001.[8]

the reviewer

  1. ↑ “Russia Map”,, Retrieved 5-5-2019. Edited.
  2. ↑ “Russia”,, Retrieved 5-5-2019. Edited.
  3. ^ a b “Russia”,, Retrieved 5-5-2019. Edited.
  4. ^ AP “Russia: Land and People”,, Retrieved 5-5-2019. Edited.
  5. ^ AP KERRY KUBILIUS (10-16-2017), “Russia Facts”,, Retrieved 6-5-2019. Edited.
  6. ^ a b “Russia”,, Retrieved 5-5-2019. Edited.
  7. ↑ and others, Nicholas V. Riasanovsky, Dominic Lieven (4-5-2019), “Russia”,, Retrieved 5-5-2019. Edited.
  8. ↑ “Russia: History”,, Retrieved 5-6-2019. Edited.

The largest country in the world by area