Crete Islands

It is a Greek island whose capital is the city of Heraklion, and ranks first among the Greek islands, and fifth among the islands in the Mediterranean in terms of area, with a land area of ​​8,335.88 km², a maximum width of 50 km, and a length of 255 km, and the island is characterized as Of the islands with a rectangular shape, the Arabs called it the island of Qirtish, and the Turks the name of the island of Jezet.

geography of Crete

  • Geographical location: It is geographically located in the waters of the Mediterranean Sea, overlooking the Aegean Sea from the southern side.
  • Astronomical location: It is located astronomically at latitude 24.8933 north of the equator, and at longitude 35.3097 east of Greenwich.
  • Climate: The island is characterized by two climates: the Mediterranean climate and the North African climate.
  • Terrain: The island contains a variety of terrain, with short, fast-flowing rivers, plains, ports, coastal plains, rocky and natural beaches, mountain ranges such as the Asterosia Mountains, and forests such as the Mesara forest.

Cretan residents

Its population, according to statistics in 2011, amounted to 623,065 people, and its population consists of ethnic groups such as Greeks and Turks, and its residents speak Greek, which is an official language in Greece. Its residents work in several sectors, including:

  • Agriculture sector: Among the most famous agricultural crops are corn, citrus fruits, olives, grapes, and wheat.
  • Fishing sector: represented in the hunting of sponges and fish.
  • The trade sector and the traditional industries sector.
  • The sector of grazing and raising livestock and poultry.

History of Crete

The island was founded four thousand years ago by the Minoan civilization that follows the legendary King Minos, and established urbanization and civilization in it, and this civilization was characterized by building beautiful palaces, and controlling the Aegean Sea, and the island remained belonging to the Byzantine Empire until the coming of the Islamic conquest of it. Its lands were conquered in the era of Islam by the leader Abu Hafs Omar al-Balouti of Andalusia, and he established an Islamic emirate in it, but after a short period the Byzantines recovered it during the time of Emperor Nikephoros II in the year 961 AD, then it fell to the Venetians during the Fourth Crusade in the year 1204 AD, and in In the year 1913 AD, the island became part of the property of the Islamic Ottoman Empire, but today it is administratively affiliated with the State of Greece.

Information about Crete

  • The summit of Mount Psilurites is the highest mountain peak in it, with a height of 2456 meters.
  • The island of Crete has been known by several names throughout the historical ages, including: Macaronisos, Dolikha, Iria, Telkhinia, Idaya, Qoretesh, Korita, Creta, and Krate.
  • Its provinces are: Lasithi, Kandiya, Chania and Rethymno.
  • The island has a very great importance due to its proximity to the three continents of the world, Asia, Europe and Africa, and was in the past a center for the convergence of civilizations between different peoples.

Crete Islands

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-22 10:33:01