The study of the earth is of very great importance to man, in order to be able to know the nature of the land on which he lives and the natural phenomena that occur on it and the features, bounties and wealth it contains, which led to the emergence of geology, but studying the earth alone was not sufficient for man, He needed to describe it and describe the natural and human phenomena taking place on it, and describe its topography, which necessitated the emergence of geography.

Physical geography, cartography, GIS and remote sensing, human geography and urban geography, which we will talk about in this article.

Urban geography is one of the branches of human geography, and it is concerned with treating the interrelationships between man and his environment and their reflection on the prevailing lifestyle.

  • Urban geography, or the so-called geography of cities: It is concerned mainly with the study of urban growth and the process of urbanization and distribution of the city on the surface of the earth, the nature of the prevailing urban environment and the extent of its deterioration, treatment of the relationship of the environment with the natural and human characteristics in that environment, and the study of the internal structure of the city and the spatial disparity within it. It is also interested in studying population migrations coming from the countryside to the city, and the urban expansion taking place in that city.
  • Rural urban geography: It is concerned with the study, understanding and analysis of contemporary rural environments and their problems, and one of the most things it focuses on is the analysis of the historical and civilizational conditions in which population patterns and rural landscapes arose and nurtured. The countryside themselves, their economic activity and the relationship they have with the cities.

As for the goals achieved by the study of urban geography in general, they are very important, as they have provided many benefits to mankind, as follows:

  • Treatment of the emergence of rural housing and its types, permanent and non-permanent.
  • It deals with the natural and human geographical factors that affect the distribution and patterns of villages in the countryside.
  • It is concerned with treating everything related to rural housing, its patterns, characteristics, components and height.
  • It highlights the important and effective role of the city in its functional territory, which in turn includes all urban centers benefiting from its central services.
  • Treatment of various urban phenomena, such as the concentration and spacing of cities, the sizes and ranks of cities, the central locations of cities, and other phenomena that arise in cities.

The importance of studying urbanism

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-20 23:57:01