Grammer Science

Grammar or the science of vocabulary arrangement and sentence structure, which is the science that examines the roots of sentence structure and the formation of its terms as well as the rules of language and syntax. and others.

The first to develop the science of grammar

The first person who called for or encouraged the placement of the principles and rulings of grammar in the Arabic language, according to what the narrators and the specialists and scholars agreed upon was Imam Ali bin Abi Talib, as he was the first to form letters and put dots on them, then he gave this task to a person called Abu al-Aswad al-Du’ali. Or unjust bin Amr and he worked on developing and adding to it, as Abu Al-Aswad is considered one of the most important of the followers.

It was narrated on the authority of Ibn Abi al-Hadid in his saying about Nahj al-Balaghah, “And among the sciences is the science of grammar and Arabic, and all people knew that the Commander of the Faithful was the one who innovated and created it and dictated to Abu al-Aswad al-Du’ali his collections and its principles. It leads to knowing and denouncing and dividing the faces of inflection into nominative, accusative, jar and affirmative, and this is almost connected to miracles, because human power does not meet this limitation and does not promote this deduction.

reason of calling

Grammar is called by this name because Imam Ali bin Abi Talib gave part of the origins of grammar to Abu Al-Aswad, so the latter asked him to make something similar to what he did, and on this basis the science of syntax was called Grammar.

Grammar schools

  • The Kufic Grammar School, whose name goes back to the Iraqi city of Kufa in the Abbasid era, headed by al-Kisa’i.
  • Basra Grammar School, whose name goes back to the Iraqi city of Basra, and this school was a qualitative leap that brought about a development of the science of Hebron, which was developed by Sibawayh, which dates back to the origins of Persian, noting that the Kufics differed and contradicted the Basrans in most of the main and subsidiary grammatical rules, and it has always been There was intense competition between them over time and throughout history, but the nature of ease and simplicity prevailed over the visual grammar school, and the trend and turnout towards it was greater than its counterpart the Kufic school.

Finally, the Al-Baghdadi Grammar School was formed by some interested in the science of grammar, when they saw that both the Kufa and Basra Schools moved away from the essence of grammar and its origins and that they entered it into a spiral that had nothing to do with grammar and worked to complicate this science.

The first to develop the science of grammar

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-13 14:06:01