High blood pressure is considered a common and dangerous health problem at the same time, and this is usually due to the fact that this disease does not cause any symptoms or signs to appear in most cases, which leads to suffering from a number of complications without realizing it, and it is worth noting that the diagnosis of a disease High blood pressure is not based on a single reading, because human pressure is affected by many factors, including the time of day, and this is what prompts the doctor to re-measure blood pressure over and over and over separate sessions to give the correct diagnosis, and in any case, blood pressure is expressed in two readings. ; Numerator and denominator, and if the numerator reading ranges between 120 and 129 mm Hg and provided that the denominator reading is less than eighty mm Hg, then it is said that the person suffers from high blood pressure, but it is not enough to diagnose his disease. The numerator) to be 130 mm Hg or more, or the diastolic height (meaning the denominator) to be continuously 80 mm Hg or more, then the patient is diagnosed with high blood pressure.[1][2]

Initial high pressure

The term primary high blood pressure refers to cases in which the pressure rises without a specific or known cause, and despite the inability to determine the cause in these cases, there are a group of factors that increase the chances of suffering from it, such as: advancing age, the presence of A family history of stress, African-American ethnicity, overweight and obesity, lethargy and lack of physical activity, in addition to smoking and drinking alcohol increasing the chance of developing the disease.[3]

Secondary hypertension

Secondary hypertension is the term for high blood pressure caused by a specific cause, such as when suffering from it as a result of sleep apnea, diabetes, or other.[3]

Reduction of Blood pressure

Blood pressure is considered low if the systolic reading is less than 90 mm Hg or the diastolic is less than 60 mm Hg, and it is worth noting that chronic low blood pressure without causing any symptoms is not considered dangerous, and on the other hand, sudden low blood pressure is a health problem that may cause a decrease in blood pressure. The amount of blood reaching the brain, which leads to the patient suffering from a number of complications.[4]

the reviewer

  1. ↑ “What is high blood pressure?”, www.bloodpressureuk.org, Retrieved April 7, 2019. Edited.
  2. ↑ “Blood pressure chart: What your reading means”, www.mayoclinic.org, Retrieved April 8, 2019. Edited.
  3. ^ a b “What to know about high blood pressure”, www.medicalnewstoday.com, Retrieved April 7, 2019. Edited.
  4. ↑ “Understanding Low Blood Pressure — the Basics”, www.webmd.com, Retrieved April 7, 2019. Edited.

The difference between high and low pressure

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-17 05:45:01