Social solidarity in Islam
The Islamic Sharia has shown remarkable care in all the details of life, both small and big. Perhaps the most prominent aspect of this wise Sharia is the social aspect, which has the greatest role in building a strong, cohesive nation, free of ills that may corrode its foundations, and make it in the wind. Hence, the Islamic Sharia has put in place many social legislations that guarantee the solidarity of the members of society with each other, and the establishment of a society where mercy, love, and virtuous morals prevail. . The following is an explanation of the concept of zakat in Islam, and an explanation of some of the purposes behind its legislation.
Zakat is the third pillar of Islam, as it comes immediately after the two testimonies and prayers. An indication of its importance, and the greatness of its position in this pure religion. Zakat is defined as the amount that a Muslim must take out of his money if the conditions of Zakat are applied to it, on top of which are: the passing of one year on this money and it is the property of its owner, and it reaching the value of the legally determined quorum, as well as a number of other important conditions. Zakat is obligatory on different types of money. Such as commercial offers, grains, fruits, cash, livestock, and others.
Islamic law defines the eight zakat banks; Which entities should zakat be paid to, and these categories are in order as mentioned in the noble verse: the poor, the needy, those who work for them, those whose hearts are to be reconciled, those who are in debt, those who are in debt, in the cause of God, and the wayfarers.
The purpose of the zakat legislation
- Spreading societal solidarity among people, and softening people’s hearts towards each other, as Zakat pays the rich to visit the poor, inspect their economic conditions, and their living conditions, thus integrating the members of the same community, and achieving solidarity among them.
- Bringing people’s economic levels closer together, as this spreads social justice, and the different types of societal diseases resulting from poverty and destitution are said.
- a test for the rich man with money; Especially since a person was born with the love of money, and from here, the rich man succeeded in this test, and paid what he owed of zakat to those who deserve it; God Almighty will reward him with happiness in this world and the hereafter, but if he is miserly; He will lose a clear loss.
- A major source of income for the state in Islam, and from here, this legislation has always been linked to the political aspect. As it happened in the events of apostasy after the death of the Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, where the Caliph Abu Bakr al-Siddiq, may God be pleased with him, considered those who refrained from paying the zakat money due on them as dissidents from the body of the state.
The concept of zakat and the purpose of its legislation