For every occasion, the Arabs made words and poetry appropriate for them and said about them. When the separation and death of loved ones and family, the poet organizes poems describing the sadness and heartbreak that he has over the pain of parting, which is called lamentation, as it includes several colors including scars, wailing, condolences, and crying. In this article, we will learn about its concept, linguistically and idiomatically, its divisions, and its stages of development.

The concept of lamentation among the Arabs

Linguistically, lamentation: the one who sings, sings, elegy, elegy, elegy, elegy, lamented the dead, i.e. wept after his death, and enumerated his virtues. As for technically, it is one of the prominent and well-known arts of Arabic poetry, and even leads it in terms of sincerity of experience, feelings, and heat of expression. It is also mourning for the dead, and he mentioned his virtues and merits and being affected by his exploits, as the poet uses in his poem all methods of appeal, interrogation, wonder, and exception.

lament colors

Lamentations have three colors:

  • scarring;
  • The eulogy.
  • Condolences.

Stages of development of lament

The pre-Islamic era is considered the richest of the Arab eras of poetry, as its purposes and themes were varied, and among those purposes that the pre-Islamic poet lamented more, he either begins his poem with the pre-Islamic approach followed by standing on the ruins, or he begins to lament because of the tyranny of his feelings, without taking into account the prevailing style at the time. As for the later ages, the poetry of lamentation developed, as poets introduced new words, meanings, and poetic images that fit the era in which he lives.

Hair types of lament

The poetry of lamentation in Arabic includes three types according to the nature of the lament, which are as follows:

  • Human lament, which is either the lamentation of a family member, or the lament of friends and loved ones.
  • A lament for a non-human being is lamenting the homeland, cities, or animals, like the lament of Basra and the lament of Andalusia.
  • Lamenting the soul, which is a special kind in which the poet laments himself when he feels the approach of his death, or his recollection of his painful feelings as a result of falling into a matter or some calamity.

The most famous poets of lamentation

A group of poets shined in every color of Arabic poetry, some were famous for praise, others for pride or flirtation.

  • Al-Khansa: which was famous for mourning her sons after their martyrdom in the Battle of Qadisiyah, as well as for her brother Sakhr.
  • Fatima al-Zahra, may God be pleased with her, who was famous for her father’s lament, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him.
  • Abu Dhu’ayb al-Hudhali: And his well-known poem in the elegy of his four sons who died of a fever.
  • Ali al-Husari al-Qayrawani: In the elegy of his son Abd al-Ghani, in his diwan, which he called “The Proposal of the Qur’an and the Injury of the Wounded.”

The concept of lamentation among the Arabs

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-19 10:45:01