The city of Rome in Italy
The city of Rome is located in the central western side of the Italian peninsula on the banks of the Tiber River in the Italian region of Lazio. It is the Italian capital known for the largest population; It is inhabited by approximately 2.7 million people. The city of Rome was a settlement that arose on the hills opposite a swamp next to the island of Tiber, and it is the only natural swamp in that area.
Another river, the Anini, crosses Rome and empties into the Tiber on the north side of the city centre. Although it is more than twenty-four kilometers from the Tyrrhenian Sea, its territory extends towards the shore where the southwestern district of Ostia is located.
History of Rome
The history of Rome extends back to two thousand five hundred years, when the city was the capital of the Roman Kingdom, and is one of the centers of the birth of Western civilization and the Roman Republic, which was the dominant power in Western Europe and the lands overlooking the Mediterranean from the first century BC until the seventh century AD. From the first century until the end of Byzantine domination, Rome was the seat of the papacy, and later became the capital of the Papal State until 1870 AD, and then it became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy in 1871 AD.
After the Middle Ages, Rome was ruled by popes, the most famous of them being: Alexander VI and Leo X; They turned the city into a major center for the Italian Renaissance, along with Florence, and the current St. Peter’s Basilica was also built, with a group of famous artists and architects contributing to its renaissance, such as: Bramante, Bernini, and Raphael.
Climate in Rome
The climate in the city of Rome is characterized as that of the Mediterranean; Autumn and spring are characterized by moderation and warmth, as the Roman autumn days are known to be warm and sunny, and the temperature in them may reach thirty degrees Celsius, which encourages tourism and travel to Italy for hiking, and in winter the temperature reaches 12 degrees Celsius, and rarely reaches Below zero, snow falls in the months: January, December, and February.
Religion in Rome
The city of Rome is like other Italian cities that follow the Roman Catholic Church, and Rome was distinguished as a center of religion and pilgrimage for several consecutive centuries, as it was the main base of the ancient Roman religion, then it became the seat of the Vatican and the Catholic papacy.
Before the arrival of Christianity, the Roman religion was the dominant religion, and the first Roman gods was Jupiter, the leader of the gods, and among their gods: Mars, the god of war, Vesta, and Minerva. Although Rome is home to the Vatican and St. Peter’s Basilica, the cathedral of Rome is the Cathedral of St. John Lateran, located to the southeast of the city.
The city of Rome in Italy