Hormones can be defined as those chemical messages that are secreted to stimulate some necessary changes in the body, and testosterone is the male hormone that is produced mainly from Leydig-cells that are found in the testicles, Which plays an important role in the development and maturation of sperm, and in fact the levels of this hormone are controlled by the brain and the pituitary gland, as it moves after its formation through the blood to perform its work and basic functions in the body, and it should be noted that low testosterone is one of the common problems Currently, prescriptions for testosterone supplements have increased nearly fivefold since 2012.
male hormone benefits
Testosterone plays an important and essential role in male bodies, as this hormone contributes to regulating the process of sexual maturity and the ability to reproduce, in addition to its importance in maintaining physical health. Among the most important things that this hormone contributes to its emergence and development in adulthood are:
- Growth of the penis and testicles.
- The appearance of hair on the face, pubic area, and the rest of the body.
- sound depth.
- Increase muscle and bone strength.
- Increase body length.
In the period following puberty, testosterone also plays an important role in regulating some body functions, and we can mention some of them as follows:
- Red blood cell production.
- Increased bone density.
- Body fat distribution.
- Increase strength and muscle mass.
- Facial and body hair growth.
- Sperm production.
- Stimulating sexual desire.
Benefits of the hormone to the fetus
In fact, testosterone plays an important role in the development of the male reproductive system of the fetus, in addition to this, it contributes to the development of masculine behaviors, and it should be noted the importance of keeping the proportion of this hormone within its natural rates in the body, because any disturbance in its level during this period of life The fetus may affect the health of the brain, as a lower level than the normal rate in the body may cause an increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease at a later period, and a higher rate than the normal rate may lead to an increased risk of autism. .
Hormone benefits for women
Although testosterone is a male hormone, its presence in limited proportions in the female body is necessary for it to perform several tasks, as it is the hormone that contributes to increasing sexual desire, in addition, it plays an important role in maintaining bone density, and muscle strength in females.
Male hormone imbalance
The normal level of testosterone in males ranges between 280-1100 nanograms per deciliter. We find that a higher percentage of this hormone than its normal rate in males may stimulate early puberty before the age of nine years, while its low in males causes a decrease in sexual desire and erectile dysfunction. In addition, it may cause a decrease in the number of sperm, breast enlargement and swelling, and with time a group of symptoms may begin to appear on the person, as he suffers from a decrease in muscle mass, loss of strength, and an increase in the amount of body fat, in addition to an increase in body hair loss, and it occurs This decrease in testosterone levels in males is due to several reasons, including the following:
- The testicles are exposed to injury, and this can happen during the castration process.
- The testicles are susceptible to infection.
- Taking certain types of medication such as; Opiate analgesics.
- Having disorders that may affect the level of hormones in the body; Pituitary tumor, or high levels of the hormone prolactin.
- having chronic diseases; For example, having type 2 diabetes, kidney and liver disease, obesity, or exposure to HIV infection.
- Infection with genetic diseases, such as; Klinefelter’s syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, hemochromatosis, or Kallmann syndrome.
- The low level of testosterone in males may result naturally from advancing age, as it begins to decline after the age of forty at a rate of 1.6 percent each year.
Hormone imbalance in women
A low level of testosterone in women may cause a decrease in their sexual desire, and lead to a feeling of fatigue, an increased risk of low bone density, osteoporosis, and an increased susceptibility to fractures. As for the high percentage of testosterone in the female body, it occurs Often after entering menopause, this period is accompanied by a decrease in the proportion of estrogen, and a rise in the proportion of this hormone may also occur in women before entering menopause, and may lead to polycystic ovary syndrome, which In turn, it leads to some health problems as well, and the following is a statement of some other health problems that may occur as a result of high testosterone levels in women:
- Male pattern baldness.
- sound depth.
- Irregular menstruation.
- Clitoris growth and swelling.
- A change in body shape.
- Reducing breast size.
- Increased oiliness of the skin.
- The appearance of acne on the face.
- The appearance of hair on the face, on the body, around the lips, and on the chin.
- Increasing the body’s resistance to insulin.
- High risk of diabetes.
- High cholesterol.
- High risk of heart disease.
- ^ a b c Markus MacGill (22-12-2017), “Why do we need testosterone?”, www.medicalnewstoday.com, Retrieved 30-8-2018. Edited.
- ^ a b c Cathy Garrard, “Testosterone: Everything You Need to Know About the Hormone and Your Health”, www.everydayhealth.com, Retrieved 30-8-2018. Edited.
- ^ AP Alexia Severson, Sam Barclay, “Testosterone Levels by Age”, www.healthline.com, Retrieved 8-30-2018. Edited.