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Tuesday February 23, 2021

Technological breakthroughs and constraints of technological time

The motive behind writing these lines is news reported by the French and European media starting on Thursday the twenty first of January 2021, according to which French President Macron has promised to allocate a significant budget to work on developing Quantum computer (Quatum Computer), in order to keep, according to him, France and Europe in the arena of competition, side by side with the two giants, America and China.

This news calls for more than a pause. It is, in the beginning, evidence of the existence of a forward-thinking mind that tries to look at the mysterious distant, and this view has enabled him to realize the growing role of technology in achieving leadership in the world of tomorrow. This is on the one hand, and on the other hand, the news is related to technological innovation with specific specifications that must be considered. The quantum computer he is talking about is not only a new technological tool; Rather, it is an innovation whose completion is required to transcend the principles of traditional logical reason, and to adopt the principles of modern physics.

Before detailing the topic of new technological innovations, in relation to the principles of reason, it is imperative to point out the role of these innovations in establishing the balance of power and drawing the features of tomorrow’s geo-strategic world. The current global reality is witnessing a great disparity between three types of societies in terms of awareness of the importance of technology and the ability to join their new system. We understand from the words of the French President that the United States of America and China are at the top of the list of excelling in the technological expertise needed to lead the world. We also understand from his words that France and its counterparts do not despair of joining the ranks of these high achievers. And we can deduce from the context of the speech the existence of a third category that is silent, namely, the class of societies unable to join the ranks of technology. Societies that do not aspire, either due to subjective or objective circumstances, to employ technological innovation for the purpose of proving oneself in the world of tomorrow.

We get rid of this introduction to a reflection on the reality of technology today and its amazing developments; Here we can only admit to every one who says that we are facing a revolution that ravaged all that came before it, and prevents the perception of what may be after it, a revolution that will have more impact on human history than the industrial revolution. If the Industrial Revolution, as it is said, enabled man to transcend the limits of his physical, muscular strength, so that one individual, thanks to one small machine, was able to lift the weights that tens, rather hundreds of individuals were unable to lift together; The technological revolution that is unfolding in our reality today, thanks to artificial intelligence, will enable man to cross the limits of his mental strength in interacting with the cosmic reality in an intelligent interaction, whether on the level of understanding and understanding this reality, or at the level of influencing and changing it.

When we contemplate the conditions of our contemporary world, this leads us to say that modern technological innovations that have expanded the visual field of vision have equally expanded the arena of mental proof. There is no doubt that the tremendous technological development that has enabled the eye to look in the dark thanks to infrared rays, and to penetrate the shield to look beyond objects thanks to ultrasound, and then to look at the past by means of measuring the temperature of objects through the trace left behind … no doubt This development has a great role in enabling the human mind to comprehend and understand the perceived reality after dissecting it and deconstructing it into infinitely small partial elements.

It is known that a person was and still is inclined to believe that the proof is stronger with the “definite” truth, or the one before the eye. This is indicated by some aphorisms, such as our saying: “He who hears is not like he saw”, or “The news is not like the one who sees.” The truth before the eye is more eloquent in describing reality and is able to penetrate into its depth than other facts, on top of which is the heard or transmitted truth. However, the time for a specific truth is narrower than the time for other facts. Do you not see that the specific event soon occurs before the eye until it disappears and disappears, to become a trace after an eye, as it is said? And then it turns into news that the tongues read and listen to it without interruption. With this shift from event to news, the area of ​​proof narrows and the arena of debate about truthfulness, falsehood, error and correctness expands.

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With the technological development, the perceived reality is no longer just a fleeting moment, each according to his own angle of view, to transmit it after its rationality. When we look at the video technology adopted to help the referees in managing football matches, for example, we find that the technology has come to allow “reality display” again to find out the truth of what happened. After the transient event was related to the moment of its occurrence and its occurrence, a moment in time that does not return, today, thanks to photographic techniques, scenes and scenes not related to the time of their occurrence, but to different times, times of re-presentation and reading. The technique of photography has enabled a person to “turn around” the facts and events, about what happened and the time of its run-off, after it had previously only turned his gaze on inanimate objects, examining them from different “points of view”.

There is no doubt that this shift – from the ability to turn a look at a fixed object to the ability to turn it around in moving things – has great repercussions, the lowest reflection on human behavior, so that the human being, knowing that his movements like his inhabitants have become fixed in a record of images that can be opened Every moment, he became aware of his actions, choosing from them what was appropriate and leaving what was not appropriate. This is on the grounds that the greatest reflection of this transformation is in its depth a reflection on the structure of the classical logical mind, especially on the ways in which this mind represents what things are.

The expansion of the functions of the sense of sight, thanks to technological innovations, has led to an expansion of the horizon of the intellectual and philosophical view. The mind is no longer satisfied with asking what it is. It asks for an answer to the reality of a thing in a state of stagnation, such as asking, for example: “What is the world?” Rather, while he turned his gaze at the movement of things, he began to ask another question, related to the reality of the thing in the event that it moved and ran, such as asking, for example: “What is the world doing?” The difference is big between the two questions and the answers that the mind gives.

Researching the manifestations of technological development that is taking place today calls us to acknowledge the inability to realize the limit on which the impact of smart digital technology stands, this technology that has become expanding the field of intelligence to draw the features of a new human mind. Technology has reached a development that enabled the machine to learn (Deep learning), and became more able to distinguish between objects after they were only transferred and photographed. It suffices for this machine to distinguish between two sheets of leaves of a type of tree, so that it proceeds to classify each new leaf presented to it according to its precise characteristics that distinguish it from the other classified papers, and this is infinitely.

This may seem normal at first glance, but in depth it indicates a major turning point in the history of the human mind. Thanks to the ability of the supermachine to extrapolate and distinguish between variables, the scientific system enters a new stage, with which it expands the square of the micro at the expense of the total. Medicine, for example, will tend to deal with individual cases, more than its previous dealing with general phenomena. The doctor, in front of what technology provides in terms of the superior ability to collect information about the patient and the speed of its treatment, has become able to look at a set of relationships that he would not have considered before. Examination of liver disease, for example, is no longer limited to looking at some general symptoms that are common to all liver patients. Rather, the individual’s condition and its relationship with many variables are taken into consideration that the mind cannot count without the mediation of the technological tool. Thus, the treatment description will become an individual description, dependent on knowledge of data related to the individual’s geographical and genetic origin, the environment in which he resides, his movement and nutrition system, his blood type, the nature of his work and his human relations, and many other things that do not come to mind, which are more than a human mind can count.

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This is the tip of the iceberg, in which an explanation of the nature of the research, scientific and practical horizon that technology has become to draw before the mind, as well as an explanation of why thinking about a quantum computer that is faster than the current computer has become an urgent need. Perhaps the need for this machine increases with the need to control an individual’s life and shape the structure of society. Statistics of societal phenomena and understanding the relationships between individuals who do not stop photographing what is happening around them and do not stop broadcasting it on social media, or in the new digital public space, has become dependent on the possession of high-speed technology, whether in collecting information or in processing it. Thinking about developing the technological tool has become part of thinking about ways to be able to manage the political and security.

It is known that digital public spaces have become teeming with millions of visual events and images that are not controlled by an officer and are not linked to a link, and it is also known that the mind has become bewildered in front of the inexhaustible flow of images and the viewer, it stands incapable of rationalizing what is happening in its visible world, aware of it browsing and turning pictures; So that if he wanted to represent the truth of a single historical moment through the displayed images, he would need to look with an eye at thousands of display screens at once, which is impossible, and it remains above the energy of the naked eye. However, what this eye is unable to do, does not incapacitate the technological eye, which has become begging for artificial intelligence to look, analyze and reason. The owner of this technology is now able to tell you, before he turns back to you, about the commonalities between the aspects of visual reality and the differences between them. For example, he tells you that among the hundred thousand videos broadcast this morning on YouTube, there are more or less videos that were filmed in the bosom of nature, for example, or in closed rooms, or he tells you about the common denominator between the activities of the owners of the videos, Individuals are classified for you according to their sports, artistic, sexual, etc. interests.

There is no doubt that the owner of this artificial intelligence and the most rapid technological tools is better able than others to read reality and know the resolve, feelings and aspirations he is fighting in, and thus he is more fortunate than others in controlling society and directing its dynamics. The public space in its old sense is no longer the only source for knowing societal reality, or for feeling the pulse of the street, as it is said. The technological means have been installed or nearly equipped on the public space linked to the geographical location, based on the authority of the majority; It is now in the process of laying the foundations of a hybrid space, depending on the movement of individuals, back and forth, between the virtual geographical and digital spaces.

After these examples of technological developments and the increasing influence of the technological tool in managing the affairs of individuals and societies, we conclude with what should be known about the quantum computer issue that was the focus of the French President’s speech. Remember that this computer is more than just a faster tool than its predecessors. It is, in fact, an extension of a mind that breaks with the whole traditional machine science. This is because it is based on a principle other than the “raised third” principle, according to which we judge things either to be or not.

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What stops us from the matter of the quantum computer, apart from the complex and incomprehensible physical details, is that it is a tool that begs to be made with new logic that is not based on seeing things in our visual world. A logic based on what is provided by technological means in the world of the infinitesimal atom, where things escape from the grip of the logic of fixed identity, entering into the development of complex identities (Superposition), according to which the same thing and others are at the same time.

It is not surprising that technology creates a new culture that breaks with the perceptions on which the prevailing culture is based. The technological mind is no longer concerned with searching for a match between truth and reality, but rather concerned with creating and programming this reality. Thus, technology has become not only at the limit of exceeding the principles of the mind, which has been looking with the naked eye, but has also made major challenges to the system of values ​​inherited from cultural times that precede the technological era.

Perhaps what is required to confront these challenges is, among other things, awareness of the nature of reality as it has become shaped in the technological age. It does not help us to turn our eyes away from this reality, as if it does not exist, so we judge it by old mental standards, or we are entangled in a cultural system that does not help in producing questions whose answers lead to an understanding of what is happening around us in terms of developments, such as continuing in our institutes and university institutions to ask a question Permissibility to work with Aristotelian logic, we repeat with the regulator: “And behind it is permissible to work with it with three sayings…”.

In his book, The Trap of Technology, Carl Benedikt Frey talks about the manifestations of damage that technological development has inflicted throughout history on some segments of society, especially in the short term; He refers to a class of workers whose mission was to go up light poles to light the lamps that light the streets of New York before dark in the evening, then turn them off before sunrise in the morning. The skill of these workers was dispensed with immediately after supplying the city streets in 1914 with light bulbs that were activated with the simple press of a button, and they became unemployed overnight, out of history.

What is the situation of these workers similar to that of third-class societies that are unable to think of employing technology to impose themselves in today’s world. There are many barriers that prevent these societies from entering the technological age, objective external barriers, and other internal, subjective barriers. Among the internal intrinsic barriers are political ones linked to the ruling authority’s reluctance to seek technological development for fear of losing hegemony. It also includes what is cultural related to old cultural structures that see in the technological new that strips it of its moral legitimacy, and some is economic related to the fear that the employment of new technology will lead to the loss of old job positions.

In conclusion, we say that those who think in the world of today must be aware of the strength and ability to control the fate of individuals and societies that have become for the giants of technology. This is not always satisfied and admired by souls. If technological development has aspects to be improved by, it has other aspects as well. It is known that awareness of all these aspects depends on the entry of the technological age. However, individuals and societies no longer have the ability to enter this time as they want, but rather enter it as it is intended for them to enter. This is for my life from the paradoxes that stop the mind and stimulate it to reflect on the question of the machine in its relationship with the questions of reason, culture and geo-strategic, and the question of meaning in particular.

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