Symptoms of high prolactin

Milk hormone, or prolactin (in English: Prolactin) is an important hormone for women; It is the hormone responsible for stimulating milk production, and the level of this hormone is naturally low in men and non-pregnant women, and rises during pregnancy, and after childbirth in lactating women. it before pregnancy,[1] An abnormal rise in the proportion of prolactin in the blood is called hyperprolactinemia, and there are many symptoms that accompany a high level of prolactin in the blood, including:[2]

  • infertility
  • Suffering from vaginal dryness.
  • Irregular menstruation, or amenorrhea.
  • Milk flowing without being pregnant or breastfeeding.[3]
  • Softening of the breast.[3]

Symptoms of low prolactin

The level of prolactin in the blood may drop to less than the normal level in some cases, and the following are some of the symptoms that accompany a low level of prolactin:[4]

  • Feeling tired and unwell.
  • Milk production in small quantities, and insufficient.
  • Irregular menstruation.
  • feeling anxious

Causes of high prolactin

About 10% of people around the world suffer from a high level of milk hormone in the blood, and there are many reasons that lead to its increase, including what is normal such as pregnancy and breastfeeding, and among the reasons that lead to a high level of milk in the blood are the following:[5]

  • Doing strenuous exercise.
  • Liver or kidney disease.
  • Having anorexia nervosa.
  • Hypothyroidism.
  • Low blood sugar level.
  • Taking some types of medication, such as: psychiatric drugs.
  • Tumors in the pituitary gland.
  • Prolactinoma (in English: Prolactinoma); It is a benign tumor that affects the pituitary gland, which is responsible for secreting prolactin.[3]
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (in English: Polycystic ovary syndrome).[3]

Causes of low prolactin

There are many reasons why the level of prolactin is lower than the normal limit in women, including:[4]

  • Growth hormone deficiency.
  • Hypopituitarism (in English: Hypopituitarism).
  • Autoimmune disease (in English: autoimmune disease).
  • Excessive activity of dopamine (in English: Dopamine), which is responsible for regulating the secretion of prolactin, or taking some types of drugs that increase the activity of dopamine receptors in the body.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ “Prolactin”,, Retrieved 21-1-2019.
  2. ↑ “Hyperprolactinemia”,, Retrieved 21-1-2019.
  3. ^ a b c “What is a Prolactin Test?”,, Retrieved 21-1-2019.
  4. ^ a b “HYPOPROLACTINEMIA”,, Retrieved 21-1-2019.
  5. ↑ “Prolactin Level Test”,, Retrieved 21-1-2019.

Symptoms of prolactin in married women

writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-06-20 13:39:01