Symptoms of the first stage

This stage is called acute primary infection. During this stage, flu-like symptoms may appear within two to four weeks of exposure to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). These symptoms last for a period ranging from 7-14 days, and in some cases, no symptoms may appear. In general, the symptoms appearing at this stage include the following:[1]

  • fever.
  • Skin rash.
  • sore throat.
  • Swollen glands.
  • Headache.
  • stomach disorders;
  • Arthritis.
  • muscle pain;

Symptoms of the second stage

This stage is called chronic HIV infection, asymptomatic, or latent disease stage, and this stage includes the disappearance of symptoms similar to those of influenza, so that the patient does not suffer from any symptoms that can be seen or felt, and this prevents A person is aware of his HIV infection, which may lead to unintentional transmission of the virus to others, and it should be noted that this stage may last for a period of about ten years or more.[2]

Symptoms of the third stage

This stage is known as AIDS or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), and in fact, the symptoms shown at this stage vary greatly, as they tend to be associated with different types of opportunistic infections. It should be noted that the patient at this stage may suffer from the development of many disorders and their symptoms; Including symptoms associated with tuberculosis, a fungal respiratory infection, lymphoma, hepatitis, or some types of cancer, and the following is a statement of the most prominent symptoms of AIDS:[3]

  • Spots under the skin, or in the mouth and nose.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Diarrhea for more than seven days.
  • Swollen lymph nodes.
  • Constant fatigue.
  • Fever, which occurs intermittently.
  • memory loss.
  • Depression.
  • Pneumonia.
  • Weight loss.
  • Ulcers in the mouth, anus, or genitals.

the reviewer

  1. ↑ “SYMPTOMS AND STAGES OF HIV INFECTION”,, Retrieved 2-3-2019. Edited.
  2. ↑ “Symptoms and Stages of HIV”,, Retrieved 2-3-2019. Edited.
  3. ↑ “HIV timeline: What are the stages?”,, Retrieved 2-3-2019. Edited.

Symptoms of HIV infection

Writing – on the date : – Last updated: 2022-05-21 09:42:01